Magnetic and Electrostatic Nuclear Fusion Reactor, or simply CrossFire Fusor, is an apparatus designed by Moacir L. Ferreira Jr. for confining and fusing light atomic nucleus at expressive rates releasing a tremendous amount of energy intended mainly for thrusting spacecrafts.

The CrossFire Fusor relies on magnetic fields for confining radially charged particles and relies on electric fields for trapping longitudinally them. It also relies on electric fields for accelerating the charged particles for reaching great kinetic energy of about 600KeV (7 billion°C) at inexpressive energy consumption.
The CrossFire Fusor is the first nuclear fusion reactor designed for achieving a true three-dimensional confinement plus a three-dimensional charged particles injection, and for having an adequate escape mechanism for the charged products of nuclear fusion thrusting a spacecraft. It also is the first, among the non-neutral plasma reactors, that can confine a plasma in a quasi-neutral state solving the saturation problem.

The CrossFire Fusor also is the first designed for having great flexibility for confining and fusing charged particles comprising positive and negative ions from neutronic and aneutronic fuels. The nuclear fusion fuel can be composed of several light atomic nuclei like hydrogen, deuterium, tritium, helium, lithium, beryllium, boron, in special boron hydrides and helium-3.
The CrossFire Fusor also is the first providing a method for converting energy of charged products from aneutronic nuclear fusion directly to electricity by neutralization process, that can reach an efficiency exceeding 95%, and it is the first to present a power supply system with a concept of multidirectional energy flow.

The CrossFire Fusor also the first including several technics for increasing nuclear fusion rate like an elementary resonance method, a set of magnetic lens for achieving a best focal length, a reactor chamber coated by tungsten or depleted uranium for reflecting electromagnetic radiation (bremsstrahlung) back to plasma, and a system for recycling chamber heat energy for electric energy generation, and others several features. All that for the nuclear fusion reactor become indeed self-sustaining. It also is based on consistent calculations for consolidating its technical feasibly and for giving a reasonable predictability.

How fusion reactions take place?
The CrossFire Fusor does not need a sophisticated physics concept to work. It’s really pretty simple.
It simply relies on collisions of ions needing kinetic energy and confinement.
For that, it is much more focused on an embodiment to achieve a tridimensional injection and confinement.

Has Electrostatic Acceleration low energy consumption?
Electrostatic acceleration consumes low energy to reach great kinetic energy, and CrossFire Fusor does Not have a central grid to cause losses.

What about the name CrossFire Fusor?
The name Fusor is short for fusion reactor, and the name CrossFire is due to both confinement and injection is done three-dimensionally.
It also can be called of CrossFire Fusion Reactor.

1. Presentation
2. Background
3. History
4. Summary
5. Detailed Description
6. Operation of Invention
7. Power Plant for Testing
8. Calculations
9. Videos
10. Related Links
11. Faster than Light
12. Support Project

2. Background

Nuclear fusion takes place when light atomic nucleus with sufficient kinetic energy collides with each other to combine, overcoming electrostatic force repulsion, to form a heavier atomic nucleus releasing a tremendous amount of energy.
Nuclear fusion reactions have an energy density many times greater than nuclear fission. The nuclear fission involving uranium-235 and plutonium-239 produce more radiation hazards and radioactive waste than the conventional neutronic nuclear fusion involving deuterium and tritium. Both release millions of times more energy than the chemical reactions.
The development of a workable, self-sustaining, highly efficient and controlled nuclear fusion reactor for energy production has been tried for several decades.
To date, no practical nuclear fusion reactor was able to, at the same time, confine and keep the reactants with enough kinetic energy until they fuse at expressive rates and, mainly, release more energy than they consume.
Some reactors with different approaches have been tried: Tokamak, Levitated Dipole, Riggatron, Field-Reversed Configuration, Reversed Field Pinch, Magnetic Mirror Fusion Reactor, Spheromak, Laser Fusion, Z-machine, Focus Fusion, Farnsworth–Hirsch Fusor, Bussard Polywell, Muon-catalyzed Fusion, Heavy Ion Fusion, Magnetized Target Fusion, Colliding Plasma Toroid Fusion, Cold Fusion, Sonofusion, Pyroelectric Fusion and others.
The most promising nuclear fusion reactor design currently being developed and tested is a Tokamak type called ITER (International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor) which relies on toroidal magnetic field to confine usually a mix of deuterium and tritium. The Tokamak reactors are giants and require a considerable amount of energy, much more than it produces, to maintain the magnetic field and the reactants with enough kinetic energy to fuse. The toroidal magnetic fields confines efficiently in two dimensions, i.e. only radially, allowing plasma rotate longitudinally in a closed path generating loss by electromagnetic radiation (synchrotron radiation) decreasing the plasma kinetic energy lowering the probability of fusion reactions and generates a plasma instability problem due to centrifugal force of particles moving along the curved toroidal magnetic field. Thus, it is inefficient for now due to its technical feasibility, high investment costs and long development time. Most of that one skilled in the area states that, likely, it will not be available before 2050.
The other types of reactor generate nuclear fusion at inexpressive rates (e.g., Cold Fusion) or consume more energy than they produce (e.g., Laser Fusion).
Most of the conventional reactors, e.g. Tokamak, usually are designed to fuse a mix of deuterium and tritium, which gives off 80% of its energy in the form of fast neutrons making the apparatus relatively radioactive. The energy of fast neutrons is collected by converting their thermal energy to electric energy, which is very inefficient (less than 30%).
The Field-Reversed Configuration or Magnetic Mirror Reactor have an unburned fuel leakage problem and the method of direct energy conversion to electricity (e.g.: US patent: 6628740, 6664740 and 6888907), although the best at moment, is relatively very complex and inefficient.

The Farnsworth–Hirsch Fusor (US patent: 3258402, 3386883, 3530036, 3530497, 3533910, 3655508 and 3664920) take advantage of electrostatic acceleration consuming low energy to reach great kinetic energy about 170KeV (2 billion °C) against 10 KeV (100 million °C) of Tokamaks which uses inefficient methods like ohmic heating. The Farnsworth–Hirsch Fusor, which relies on electrostatic fields for acceleration and confinement, has an unsolvable grid-loss problem, where injected ions form a positively charged cloud around the negative central grid obstructing the remaining of positive ions to reach full kinetic energy leading to a saturation of the reactor.

The magnetic cusps is a common technology among some plasma confinement devices: Magnetic well for plasma confinement (US patent: 4007392), Multicusp plasma containment apparatus – Limpaecher (US patent: 4233537), Plasma confining device (US patent: 4430290), Bussard Polywell (US patent: 4826646) and others.
The Bussard Polywell (US patent: 4826646) is similar to the Multicusp plasma containment apparatus – Limpaecher (US patent: 4233537) in injecting charged particles through magnetic cusps.
The Bussard Polywell (US patent: 4826646 – October 29,1985) wherein method steps, in summary, are generating magnetic cusps, injecting electrons through the magnetic cusps to create a negative potential, injecting positively charged particles toward the negative potential, and maintaining the number of electrons greater than the number of positively charged particles. The required excess of electrons leads to a saturation of the reactor limiting its energy production, also the excess of electrons causes excessive electromagnetic radiation (bremsstrahlung) lowering the kinetic energy of the plasma decreasing the nuclear fusion rate.

In a summary, most of the current nuclear fusion reactor approaches have no technical feasibility; some of them are giant and expensive; most of them are relatively radioactive due of using exclusively deuterium-tritium as fuel; most of them consume more energy than it produces; some of them generate fusion at inexpressive rates; some of them are relatively very complex and inefficient; therefore, no practical solution and no foreseeable end in sight to a practical power plant for all of them at present moment.

3. History

Moacir L. Ferreira Jr. Inventor of CrossFire Fusor Moacir L. Ferreira Jr. got started on Nuclear Fusion in his Electronics Technician training course in 1991 after receiving some papers during an electromechanical class, becoming a great enthusiast, mainly if involving spacecrafts powered by nuclear fusion reactors. He worked as electronic technician in a hydroelectric power plant, a telecommunication industry and a telecommunication company, becoming very skilled in the area of electric, electronic, energy generation and telecommunication. Additionally, became self-taught computer programming and worked as computer programmer, and then begun his Computational Science Degree what changed his cartesian thinking way to a systemic thinking way becoming a successful solver of complex problems. A little after concluding his Computational Science Degree, in April 2004, he started a personal study and research for a development of a nuclear fusion reactor suitable for spacecraft propulsion, becoming autodidact in nuclear fusion physics and engineering.
For his disgusting, all of the current fusion approaches have no technical feasibility for thrusting a spacecraft. On June 17th 2006, he got a full understanding about an elementary resonance method and started an improvement on Farnsworth–Hirsch Fusor (Fusion Reactor → Fusor) to solve the grid-loss problem, that he called of Capacitive Fusor. The Capacitive Fusor had no central-grid, it was comprised of several lightning rods, positively charged, pointing to Fusor centre, an external sphere at ground electric potential and a dielectric insulation between the sphere and the lightning rods. Obviously, it not worked due to the electrostatic equilibrium in interior of Fusor which made it unable to confine positively charged particles. However, his full understanding of the elementary resonance method would be useful for his next invent.
After his downfall on his Capacitive Fusor, he started a hard study and research on current nuclear fusion and electric propulsion approaches. In February 2008, his efforts results in his new approach combining a fuel injection through magnetic cusps, electrostatic acceleration, magnetic reconnection, a magnetic lens, a electrostatic lens, a penning trap and plus his elementary resonance method resulting in a feasible nuclear fusion reactor with an adequate escape mechanism suitable for spacecraft propulsion that he called of “CrossFire Fusor”. It was not easy for him working full time for putting all elements working together, creating new features like multidirectional energy flow and electric energy conversion by neutralization process, making consistent calculations to consolidate its technical feasibly, and finally filling his patent application on October 16th 2008, titled as “Magnetic and Electrostatic Nuclear Fusion Reactor”.

4. Summary

CrossFire Fusor is a nuclear fusion reactor designed by Moacir L. Ferreira Jr. for confining and fusing charged particles. The charged particles comprise positive and negative ions from neutronic and aneutronic fuels. For confining radially the charged particles, at least two, preferably six, magnetic fields to form a cusp region for a continuous injection of charged particles. An electric field (first electric potential) at the cusp region for accelerating the charged particles during the injection, and an opposite electric field (second electric potential), at distal ends, for trapping longitudinally the charged particles allowing only charged products to escape. The charged products are worthwhile for spacecraft propulsion and direct electricity conversion. The electric field (second electric potential) acts as an electrostatic lens focusing (converging) the particles as they approach to it. The magnet, preferably comprised by independent winding groups, act as a set of magnetic lens achieving a best focal length. At the magnetic cusp region, the charged particles are confined by the magnetic reconnection phenomenon, and the continuous injection becomes the confinement more efficient yet. The electrostatic acceleration method can reach great kinetic energy, about 600KeV (7 billion °C), at low energy consumption. The preferred embodiment, comprised by six magnets, achieves a true three-dimensional confinement plus a three-dimensional charged particles injection giving a higher probability of fusion reactions. Further including an elementary resonance method for increasing the fusion rate, a high efficient direct electricity conversion by neutralization process, and a system for recycling magnets bore heat energy for generating electricity, becoming self-sustaining.

5. Detailed Description

The CrossFire Fusor contains a lot of features and specificities, many variations are possible, for example, it can be comprised by two, three, four, five, six, seven, height magnets, and so on, varying form and size of the parts, and various changes can be made. Just remembering that this invention is a patent pending, then before making, using, or selling it, please get an inventor agreement. He will be pleased in licensing it for noble-minded purposes like global warming and deforestation reduction, and for outer space travels.

Before start reading, see this Short Description Link.

In a bi-dimensional injection, the electrostatic repulsion diverges the ion paths from the central point.
In a three-dimensional injection, the electrostatic repulsion converges the ion paths to the central point.
In the three-dimensional injection, the ions kinetic energy will exchange to potential energy as they approach to the central point, then the kinetic energy must be higher than 123KeV, about 600KeV for boron hydrides.
The three-dimensional injection increases the probability of fusion reactions at the beginning.
The three-dimensional confinement will do the remaining fusion reactions after that.

For a better understanding will be described a basic embodiment comprised by two magnets representing the true three-dimensional confinement plus a bi-dimensional ion injection.
For a higher probability of fusion reactions will be described a preferred embodiment comprised by six magnets representing the true three-dimensional confinement plus a three-dimensional ion injection.

FIG. 1 – Two Magnets FIG. 2 – Six Magnets

A preferred embodiment, comprised by six magnets, is shown in FIG. 2, however, for a better understanding, a basic embodiment, comprised by two magnets, is shown in FIG. 1, in where is illustrated a magnet 1 and a magnet 2 joined forming an angle of 180° between each other, and a circular ion injector belt 3 with the output of its ion injectors 4 between the intersection (region of magnetic cusps). The circular injector belt 3 is comprised by twenty ion injector 4 disposed concentrically and equally spaced around the intersection of the magnets. An electrical insulator 5 is attached to magnet 1 and an electrical insulator 6 is attached to magnet 2, both by four bolts each one (see bolt 7).
The ideal structure is illustrated in FIG.2 in where there are six magnets, each one similar to magnet 9, joined forming angles of 90° at adjacencies, and an arc-shaped injector belt 12 with the output of its ion injector between the intersections (region of magnetic cusps). The arc-shaped injector belt 12 is comprised by twelve arcs of arccos (1/3) ≈70.52878°, and by sixty eight ion injectors disposed concentrically and equally spaced around the intersection of the magnets. An electrical insulator 10 is attached to magnet 9 by four bolts (see bolt 11), similarly to others set of magnet and electrical insulator. A cold coolant inlet 8 (FIG. 1), a cold coolant inlet 13 and a hot coolant outlet 14 belongs to a heat exchange system and will be further explained. The intersection of two or more magnets bore forms the reactor chamber.
In the ion injector 4, several types of ion sources can be used (e.g., RF ion source due to its long life), however, it is preferably a duoplasmatron ion source having a low beam angle dispersion in order to produce either positive or negative ions in a well focused beam. A measurement of electron current between the ion source and the ground electric potential (common electric potential), using a conventional ammeter plus a fuel flow meter, can be used to determine specific ionization of the plasma. The output of the ion injector is comprised by an electrical insulated material preferably boron nitride. In case of using solid fuels, like decaborane (213°C), then a pre-heating mechanism must be provided for heating the fuel until it vaporizes. Both the circular injector belt 3 and arc-shaped injector belt 12 can have its ion injectors as described above.
FIG. 3 – Section Magnet
The magnet coils can be wound as a conventional magnet in a single multilayer winding of enamelled copper wire, however, FIG. 3 illustrates a cross-section taken of magnet 9 to clarity a preferred winding 15 in where is comprised by multiple flat pancake coils (sixteen as illustration) coaxially disposed along the longitudinal axis of the magnet. The flat pancake coils are grouped, preferably in four groups, having each group an independent electrical current source in order to be acting as an independent magnetic lens. A superconducting magnet winding is preferably, typically niobium-titanium (e.g., multifilamentary NbTi copper in epoxy), niobium-tin or copper oxide ceramics (e.g., YBCO, TBCCO, HgBCCO, BSCCO), cooled below a critical temperature by liquid helium, performing a magnetic flux of 4.5 Tesla or better, at low power consumption. A magnet bore 17 is preferably coated with a hard and dense metal alloy, tungsten or depleted uranium covered by a layer of a dielectric material like silicon dioxide or titanium dioxide, in order to reflect electromagnetic radiation keeping low the bore temperature, and more preferably that the coating be done in an electrical insulated annular way or using a powder compound of the metal alloy in order to keep an electrical insulation along the longitudinal axis of the magnet, thereby a voltage produced by inductive reactance of the pancake coils, due to an electrical current variation, can be transferred axially to plasma. Magnet 1 can be done in some way as magnet 9, only differing on openings 16 for the ion injectors and shape of the intersections. The magnets intersection (region of magnetic cusps) is where an acceleration electric potential (first electric potential) is applied.

FIG. 4 – Bending
A continuation of the preferred embodiment of FIG. 2 is shown in FIG. 4, further illustrating a partial assembly view (lines of mounting shown as dashed lines) in where the magnet 9 is connected to the electrical insulator 10 by bolts 11. A magnet bending 23 fastened by bolts 22 to an armature 20, fixing the insulator 10 by pressing it inward the armature. The armature, preferably a metal alloy like titanium or stainless steel, sustains the six magnets and its respective electrical insulators, and the magnets are pressed to sustain each other at the intersection region. The assembly described above is repeated, equally spaced at an angle of 120° to the others magnet bending top 23 and as well to a magnet bending bottom 33 equally spaced at angle of 120° to the others magnet bending bottom, where magnet bending top and magnet bending bottom are in an angle of 60°.
The armature 20 keeps the reactor components together, providing support to magnets, insulators, ion injector belt 12 and bending magnets. The armature is where a confinement electric potential (second electric potential) is applied.
The magnet bending is useful to bend the exhausting products of nuclear fusion, the magnet bending top 23 has a bending angle of (90° + (arccos (1/3) / 2)) ≈125.26439°, and the magnet bending bottom 33 has a bending angle of (90° – (arccos (1/3) / 2)) ≈54.73561°. The magnet bending coils can be a single multilayer superconducting magnet winding, much simpler than aforesaid for magnet 9.
Continuing with the embodiment shown in FIG. 4 in where each magnet bending top 23 is connected to an output electrical insulator 26, as well each magnet bending bottom 33 is connected to an output electrical insulator 34. An electrostatic deflector 27 comprised by three plates disposed around the output electrical insulator 26 is to deflect the charged products in order to align its trajectory giving some steering. A hot coolant pipe 21 belongs to a heat exchange system and will be further explained. The neutralizers 25, 28, 29, 30 and 32 are electrons guns (e.g, Lanthanum hexaboride, Cerium hexaboride) and duoplasmatron ion sources used for electricity conversion by neutralization process and will be further explained. An optical fiber top 35, as well an optical fiber bottom 31, is to control and monitor the neutralizers and other components of the reactor which are at different electric potential, thereby optical fiber is preferably due to its high electrical insulation and immunity to an electromagnetic interference.
The electrical insulators for the present invention can be made from several materials types like polytetrafluoroethylene (60MV/m), acrylic glass, ceramic, porcelain, nylon (14MV/m), polyester, polystyrene (24MV/m), neoprene rubber (12MV/m), but the two recommended is boron nitride due to its excellent thermal properties and a dielectric strength of 6MV/m, and the polycarbonate due to its physics properties and dielectric strength of 15MV/m.
FIG. 5 – Base

A continuation of the preferred embodiment of FIG. 4 is shown in FIG. 5, further illustrating a fuel reservoir 38, preferably made of graphite-epoxy or carbon fiber reinforced plastic. An electrical transformer 36, and below that a vacuum pump 37, preferably an oil diffusion pump or better, to keep the whole reactor system, preferably including electric and electronic components, in a very low pressure of 10-6 Torr or lower, in order to provide a high electrical insulation of a dielectric strength of 1GV/m, meaning an optimum short circuit preventing. A base 39 is preferably an aluminum alloy to act as a heat sink. The output electrical insulators 26, 34 and so forth are fixed on the base. An air breathing 40 and a landing pad 41 are parts of a spacecraft and will be further described.

FIG. 6 – Vacuum

A continuation of the preferred embodiment of FIG. 5 is shown in FIG. 6, hiding the magnet bending, output insulators and so on, for illustrating electrical transformer 36, and below that the vacuum pump 37, and further illustrating a battery bank 42, preferably comprising a hydrogen fuel cell. A heat exchange system 43 and a cold coolant pipe 24. An output covering 44 and an exhaust output 57 will be further described.

FIG. 7 – Transformer

The electrical transformer 36 is illustrated in FIG. 7, better illustrating a low voltage power supply 45 of about 250 Volts, an acceleration power supply 46 (first electric potential), and a confinement power supply 47 (second electric potential). The power supplies have a custom bidirectional switching-mode full bridge mosfet technology. The electrical transformer windings no overlap each other, primary and secondary windings are defined dynamically allowing a multidirectional energy flow as will be further described.

FIG. 8 – Heat Exchanger

The heat exchange system is illustrated in FIG. 8, in where a coolant, preferably liquid helium due to its low tendency to absorb neutrons, circulates towards a branching 52 by a pipe 48, then towards a magnet coolant inlet 13 (FIG. 2) by a pipe 24 (FIG. 6). The heated coolant circulates from a magnet coolant outlet 14 (FIG. 2) towards a merging 53 by a pipe 21 (FIG. 4), then to a steam turbine 43 by a pipe 49, and then to a conventional internal serpentine of a condenser 51. The steam turbine rotates and transfers its mechanical energy to an electrical generator 50 recycling the heat excess to electricity. The condenser 51 transfers the remaining heat excess to the base 39 (FIG. 6) which is acting as a heat sink. A condenser internal pump circulates the coolant from the serpentines toward the pipe 48 continuing the cycle. The liquid helium, for superconducting magnet requirements, must be cooled down to temperatures of approximately 4.2 Kelvin.

FIG. 9A – Core Collapsed FIG. 9B – Core Exploded

A continuation of the preferred embodiment of FIG. 2 is shown in FIG. 9A and an exploded assembly view is shown in FIG. 9B (lines of mounting shown as dashed lines), illustrating arc-shaped injector belt 12 and armature 20, in order to clarify the assembly of the set of magnet 9, electrical core insulator 10, one of the bolts 11, the openings 16 for the ion injectors, cold coolant inlet 13 and hot coolant outlet 14. The six magnet assemblies will sustain each other concentrically to the arc-shaped injector belt by being pressed against the armature by the magnets bending already described in FIG. 4. The magnets intersection (region of magnetic cusps) is where the acceleration electric potential (first electric potential) is applied. The armature 20 is where the confinement electric potential (second electric potential) is applied. The ion injectors exchange its electrons with the ground electric potential (common electric potential) to ionize the nuclear fusion fuel.

FIG. 10 – Spacecraft
A spacecraft (weigh: 500000Kg, height: 22m, diameter: 15m) using the preferred embodiment of FIG. 5 as power plant is shown in FIG. 10, in where three landing pads 41 are equally spaced at an angle of 120° to sustain the base 39 which sustain a hull 55, preferably made of an aluminum alloy of at least 10 cm of thickness to protect against outer space radiation. Three electric thrusters 54, preferably a magnetoplasmadynamic (MPD) thruster, positioned near the center of mass of the spacecraft or a little above and disposed around the hull equally spaced at an angle of 120°. The electric thruster is preferably moveable around its axis in order to give some steering for stabilization during the launching, re-entry and landing, and some maneuverability in the space. The MPD thrusters must operate during short periods due to its low lifetime. To keep the spacecraft aligned straight ahead for a long time is used the electrostatic deflector 27 as already described in FIG. 4. A six output covering 44 is to cover the six exhaust output 57 during startup of the reactor in order to maintain the vacuum, after the reactor startup, all six outputs covering open letting the products of nuclear reaction, already neutralized by neutralizers, thrust the spacecraft. An air breathing 40, 56, there are six disposed equally spaced around the base at angle of 60°, is to increase the reaction mass when the spacecraft is in an atmospheric environment doing the products of the nuclear reaction heat incoming atmospheric gases expanding it to give more thrusting for the spacecraft. The landing pads 41 are preferably moveable or retractile in order to reduce the aerodynamic drag.

FIG. 11 – Alternative

A continuation of the basic or alternative embodiment of FIG. 1 is shown in FIG. 11, further illustrating an armature 63 which keeps the reactor components together, providing support to core insulator 5 and 6, magnet 1 and 2, circular ion injector belt 3. The magnets intersection (region of magnetic cusps) is where the acceleration electric potential (first electric potential) is applied. The armature is where a confinement electric potential (second electric potential) is applied. An extra confinement insulator 60 and a disc 62 are for applying an extra confinement electric potential in order to confine both reactants and products of the nuclear fusion reaction at the top end. The products can only escape at bottom end passing by output insulator 61. An electrostatic deflector 68 comprised by three plates disposed around the output electrical insulator 61 is to deflect the charged products to align its trajectory. The neutralizers 64, 65 and 66 are electrons guns and duoplasmatron ion source used for electricity conversion by neutralization process. An output covering 67 is to cover the exhaust output during startup of the reactor in order to maintain the vacuum. Most of the components are similar to that already cited in FIG. 4, except that there is only one output.

FIG. 12 – Alternative Cont.

A continuation of the alternative embodiment of FIG. 11 is shown in FIG. 12, further illustrating a fuel reservoir 68 similar to that previously described in FIG. 5. A base 71 is preferably an aluminum alloy to act as a heat sink. An electrical transformer 69 similar to that previously described in FIG. 7 except that there are an extra electrical voltage for apply an electric potential at disc 62 providing the extra confinement in one of the ends. A heat exchange system 70 similar to that previously described in FIG. 8, an air breathing 72 and a landing pad 73 are similar to that previously described in FIG. 10. A ground wire 74 (common electric potential) for the ion injectors exchange its electrons for ionizing the nuclear fusion fuel. Most of the components are similar to that already cited for the preferred embodiment.

6. Operation of Invention

A basic operation can be better understood from the FIG. 1 in where magnet 1 and magnet 2 generates a magnetic field of same polarity, preferably south, at the intersection between them forming magnetic cusps. The acceleration electric potential (first electric potential) is applied at the region of magnetic cusps. The confinement electric potential (second electric potential), of opposite polarity to the first, is applied to armature 63 (FIG. 11) generating electric fields. The electrical insulators 5 and 6 provide an electrical gap between the armature and the magnets.
For trapping positively charged particles (positive ions) the acceleration electric potential (first electric potential) must have a negative voltage, and the confinement electric potential (second electric potential) must have a positive voltage. Otherwise, for trapping negatively charged particles (negative ions) the acceleration electric potential (first electric potential) must have a positive voltage, and the confinement electric potential (second electric potential) must have a negative voltage. The confinement electric potential can be adjusted for trapping only the reactants allowing the charged products of the nuclear fusion to escape longitudinally overcoming the confinement electric potential.
The ion injectors 4 of the circular injector belt 3, ionizes a nuclear fusion fuel exchanging electrons with the ground electric potential (common electric potential), and the ionized fuel, that is charged particles or ions, is accelerated in a electrostatic way towards the intersection (region of magnetic cusps) reaching the interior of the magnets after passing through the region of magnetic cusps. The charged particles become confined radially by magnetic fields and trapped longitudinally along the axis of the magnets by the electric fields generated by the first and second electric potentials. The armature electric fields, of same polarity of the charged particles, act as an electrostatic lens focusing (converging) the particles as they approach to it and defocusing (diverging) them as they move away from it. The magnetic fields act as a magnetic lens focusing (converging) the charged particles. If the magnets are similar as the previously described in FIG. 3, comprising of a set of independent winding groups, then each group can have its electric current varied independently from the others in order to change the magnetic flux shaping the magnetic field to achieve a best focal length increasing the fusion rate.
The charged particles move longitudinally describing a circular and helical orbit around the magnetic field lines keeping away from the magnet walls, similarly as magnetic confinement fusion reactors. At the region of the magnetic cusps, the magnetic field lines are curved forcing the charged particles to describe a more elliptical and eccentric orbit increasing electrostatic pressure at the region of the magnetic cusps creating a great difficulty to them to escape overcoming this region (magnetic reconnection phenomenon), and the continuous injection of the charged particles by the ion injector belt become it more difficult yet.
The charged particles are confined radially by magnetic fields and trapped longitudinally by first and second electric field in the interior of the magnetic fields and confined by magnetic cusp by magnetic reconnection phenomenon, until the charged particles fuse and their charged products may escape longitudinally overcoming the second electric field. Thereby represents a true three-dimensional confinement with an adequate escape mechanism.
Inducing variations preferably by pulses on electrical current of the magnets results in oscillations on magnetic flux transferring radially energy to plasma (pinch effect) increasing the fusion rate.
If the magnets are similar as the previously described in FIG. 3, coated with a hard and dense metal alloy, tungsten or depleted uranium, then most of the electromagnetic radiation (bremsstrahlung) can be reflected back to the plasma recycling its energy increasing the fusion rate. If the coating is done in an electrical insulated annular way or using a powder compound of the metal alloy in order to keep an electrical insulation along the longitudinal axis of the magnet, and if the magnet windings are comprised by multiple flat pancake coils (FIG. 3), then a voltage produced by inductive reactance of the pancake coils, producing an alternating electric field in the bore due to an electrical current variation, can be transferred axially to the plasma increasing a little more the fusion rate.
Inducing oscillations on electric voltage of the first or second potentials, preferably both, most of the energy of the electric oscillations will be transferred longitudinally to the charged particles increasing the fusion rate.
The oscillations described above can be comprised by a modulation and multiplexing of frequencies: a cyclotron rotation at frequency ω+, a magnetron rotation at frequency ω-, and an axial “trapping” oscillation at frequency ωz. The higher frequency is the cyclotron that can be estimated f=qB / (2πm), and the others is by measuring energy production and adjusting the oscillations to reach a maximum synchronization of phase and frequency with the plasma resulting in an increase of the fusion rate. For that, can be a conventional RF generator via a pulse transformer connected in series with the power supplies. Adjusting and measuring the energy production is a simple way to determine the frequencies and can be understood as an elementary resonance method. An excess of electric charge in the reactor chamber can lead to a saturation wasting fuel and reducing the energy production, however, using oscillations for increasing the fusion rate will decrease the electric charge in the reactor chamber allowing injection of more of the charged particles increasing the energy production.

Thoughtfulness about the preferable polarity of the magnetic fields at the intersection between the magnets forming the magnetic cusps region: an electric current on magnet windings develops an electric voltage on its terminals due to resistivity, and a pulse, positive or negative, on electric current develop an electric voltage on its terminals due to inductive reactance. The electric voltage due to resistivity can be too little to take some advantage. Thus the magnetic south polarity is only a predilection, but could be magnetic north polarity if desirable.

The most efficient method of transferring kinetic energy to the charged particles is by electrostatic acceleration, doing this from a ground potential (common electric potential) and allowing the charged particles fall to the acceleration electric potential (first electric potential) exchanging its potential energy to kinetic energy, represents great kinetic energy at low energy consumption (P=V×I; V=0 → P=0). A measurement of electron current between the ion source and the ground electric potential can be used to determine specific ionization of the plasma. A duoplasmatron is one of the ion sources that can be used in the ion injector 4, and its advantage is to produce either positive or negative ions. For ionizing the nuclear fusion fuels to the positively charged particles is by extracting electrons from them and sending electrons to the common electric potential, otherwise for ionizing to the negatively charged particles is by extracting electrons from the common electric potential and adding the electrons to the nuclear fusion fuel.
Fusing positively charged particles represents a normal energy production and low bremsstrahlung radiation, otherwise fusing negatively charged particles represents a high energy production and high bremsstrahlung radiation, however, for a highest energy production, the specific ionization must keep as low as possible, that is the plasma charged particles must be a quasi-neutral plasma resulting in a high density, which implies in a higher magnetic flux and a higher acceleration and confinement voltage, as will be further understood by calculations.
The nuclear fusion fuel can be composed of light atomic nucleus like hydrogen, deuterium, tritium, helium, lithium, beryllium, boron, and their various isotopes. Some isotopes like hydrogen-1, helium-3, lithium-6, lithium-7 and boron-11 are the interest for aneutronic nuclear fusion (low neutron radiation), in special boron hydrides and helium-3. The fuel specific energy and specific ionization are essential for dimensioning the magnet bore, magnetic flux and electric voltages, as will be further understood by calculations.
The injector belt 3 of the basic embodiment (FIG. 1) injects the charged particles only in radial ways, representing a bi-dimensional ion injection plus the true three-dimensional confinement. The injector belt 12 of the preferred embodiment (FIG. 2) injects the charged particles in three orthogonal axes, representing a three-dimensional ion injection plus the true three-dimensional confinement, having higher probability of fusing atomic nucleus.
The six magnet bending 23 and 33 is useful to bend the exhausting products of the nuclear fusion, as previously described for the preferred embodiment in FIG. 4. The alternative embodiment (FIG. 11), comprised by two magnets, dispense the magnet bending, but require an extra confinement potential in order for the exhausting charged products escape through only one of its ends, however, it increases the probability of secondary reactions. The preferred embodiment (FIG. 4) can have its three magnet bending top 23 suppressed and applied an extra confinement electric potential, then the charged products can only escape by its others three magnet bending 33, this can simplify the assembly but increase the secondary fusion reactions meaning more radiation hazards. Thus, more output for the charged products will result less the undesirable secondary fusion reactions.
The base 39 (FIG. 5), as well 71 (FIG. 12), is connected to the ground electric potential (common electric potential). The output electrical insulators 26 and 34 (FIG. 5), as well 61 (FIG. 11), is to provide an electrical insulation between the armature and the base. Surrounding the outputs there are the electrostatic deflector plates 27 (FIG. 5), as well 68 (FIG. 11), to deflect the charged products in order to align its trajectory giving some steering.
The neutralization is essential to prevent that the charged products, after passing through the outputs, turn around and collide back eroding the base and others components, for that, the sum of the electron current of the neutralizers 25, 28, 29, 30, 32 and so forth (FIG. 5) must be equaled to the sum of the electron current of the ion injector belt 12 (FIG. 2). This rule must be applied for the neutralizers 64, 65, 66 and so forth (FIG. 11) and the circular injector belt 3. The electricity conversion by neutralization process will be further explained.

FIG. 13 – Schematic
A special power supply system is required to generate voltages for the acceleration electric potential (first electric potential), the confinement electric potential (second electric potential), and for the other components of the nuclear fusion reactor. Its main feature is to allow a multidirectional energy flow used to recycle energy stored in magnets (E=½LI2) and capacitors (E=½CV2) back to a battery bank or to the others power supplies.
A continuation of the FIG. 7 is illustrated as an electronic schematic diagram in FIG. 13 to clarity the multidirectional energy flow, in where the battery bank 42 and a capacitor C1 has electric energy stored, circuit CI1 switches between on and off states the MOSFET transistors T1 and T4, T2 and T3, alternating the electric current to the electrical transformer 36. The diode bridge, comprised by diodes D5 and D8, D6 and D7, convert the alternating electric current from transformer 36 to direct current to supply a capacitor C2 storing the energy in it. This process is well known in a conventional switching-mode power supply having a full bridge technology using either MOSFET or IGBT transistors.
The energy stored in capacitor C2 can be sent back to battery bank 42 and capacitor C1 if circuit CI2 switches between on and off states the MOSFET transistors T5 and T8, T6 and T7, alternating the electric current to the electrical transformer 36, and the diode bridge, comprised by diodes D1 and D4, D3 and D2, convert the alternating electric current from transformer 36 to direct current to supply battery bank 42 and capacitor C1 restoring the energy to it.
The power supplies 45 and 46 have a bidirectional energy flow between them, the transformer 36 have others power supplies attained to it, and, with a suitable control, perform the multidirectional energy flow.
To invert the output polarity of the power supply 46, worthwhile for confining and fusing either positively or negatively charged particles from a duoplasmatron ion source, a circuit CI3 switch on the relays K2 and K3, and switch off the relays K1 and K4, then the terminal V1 have a positive voltage relative to V2, otherwise will have a negative voltage.
To achieve high voltages for acceleration and confinement potentials, several power supplies, similarly as described above, must be connected in series from the ground electric potential (common electric potential). Some power supplies have a high electric voltage between them (millions Volts). For that, and to control and monitor the whole system, an optical fiber 80 is the most recommended due to its high electrical insulation and immunity to an electromagnetic interference. The control system 81 controls and monitors the power supplies and other reactor components via the optical fiber 80, as well 31 and 35 (FIG. 4), using a semi-duplex protocol.

Before explaining the electricity conversion from the charged products, is useful to remember some physics electric concepts: extracting electrons from a positive terminal of a charged capacitor will increase its voltage and consequently increase its stored energy (E=½CV2), otherwise extracting electrons from a negative terminal of the charged capacitor will decrease its voltage and consequently decrease its stored energy. Another way to think is allowing electrons towards to the positive terminal of the charged capacitor will decrease its voltage and consequently decrease its stored energy (E=½CV2), otherwise pushing electrons towards to the negative terminal of the charged capacitor will increase its voltage and consequently increase its stored energy.
The method of converting kinetic energy from charged products in electricity is by neutralization process, where neutralizer particles comprise either electrons or positive ions. If the products of the nuclear fusion reaction are positively charged then the positive confinement electric potential forces the positively charged products to exchange its kinetic energy to potential energy, and the positively charged products attract easily electrons from the neutralizer 25 (FIG. 4) which is at the positive confinement electric potential. The electron extraction from the positive potential will increase the voltage of the capacitor C2 of the switching-mode power supply (similar to FIG. 13). The charged products lose kinetic energy and will not reach full acceleration to the ground electric potential after being neutralized. The circuit CI2 can send the energy received from the charged products to the transformer 36 allowing the flow of electrons from its ground to reduce the positive voltage, for that must switch its transistors, as previously described in FIG. 13, sending excess of energy to the electrical transformer, and the power supply 45 can receive the energy by its diode bridge and then supply the battery bank 42 or other power supply. The whole process is controlled, in a synchronized mode, by the control system 81. The received electric power is calculated by formula: P = V × I, that is, the electric potential versus flow of electrons equals to the energy flow received from the charged products.
Otherwise, if the products of the nuclear fusion reaction are negatively charged then the negative confinement electric potential forces the negatively charged products to exchange its kinetic energy to potential energy, and the negatively charged products attract easily positive ions from the neutralizer 25 (FIG. 4), preferably a duoplasmatron, which is at the negative confinement electric potential. The neutralizer electrons pushed towards to the negative potential will increase the voltage of the capacitor C2 of the switching-mode power supply (similar to FIG. 13). The charged products lose kinetic energy and will not reach full acceleration to the ground electric potential after being neutralized. The stored energy in the capacitor C2 can be sent to others power supplies as previously described.
The method of transferring electric energy to increase the kinetic energy of the charged products is also by ion neutralization. This method is useful for spacecraft propulsion purposes like stabilization. If the products of the nuclear fusion reaction are positively charged then a negative electric potential, can be applied to the deflector 27 (FIG. 4), increasing the kinetic energy of the positively charged products, and the positively charged products attract easily electrons from the neutralizer 28 (FIG. 4) which is at the negative electric potential. The electron extraction from the negative potential will decrease the voltage of the capacitor C2 of the switching-mode power supply (similar to FIG. 13). The charged products gain more kinetic energy reaching an extra acceleration to the ground electric potential before being neutralized. The power supply 45 must send more energy to the power supply 46 via transformer 36 to restore the voltage of the capacitor C2. The transferred electric power is calculated by formula: P = V × I, as previously described.
Otherwise, if the products of the nuclear fusion reaction are negatively charged then a positive electric potential, can be applied to the deflector 27 (FIG. 4), increasing the kinetic energy of the negatively charged products, and the negatively charged products attract easily positive ions from the neutralizer 28 (FIG. 4), preferably a duoplasmatron, which is at the positive electric potential. The neutralizer electrons pushed towards to the positive potential will decrease the voltage of the capacitor C2 of the switching-mode power supply (FIG. 13). The charged products gain more kinetic energy reaching an extra acceleration to the ground electric potential before being neutralized. The power supply 45 must send more energy to the power supply 46 via transformer 36 to restore the voltage of the capacitor C2, similarly as previously described.

After accomplished desired conversions of energy as described above, which can excess 95% of efficiency using aneutronic fuels like boron hydrides and helium-3, the remaining of the charged products must be fully neutralized, for that, there are neutralizer like 29 and 32 (FIG. 4) at the ground electric potential. As previously described, the sum of the electron current of the neutralizers must be equaled to the sum of the electron current of the ion injector belt.
The heat exchange system, previously described in FIG. 8, can recycle the magnet bore heat energy, due to electromagnetic radiation, to generate electricity. It is also worthwhile for recycling heat energy from fast neutrons if using neutronic fuels like deuterium.
The operation of the alternative embodiment FIG. 11 and FIG. 12 are similar to the preferred embodiment.

7. Power Plant for Testing
FIG. 14 – Power Plant
A Power Plant for Testing is shown in FIG. 14, in where is illustrated the preferred embodiment, previously explained in FIG. 9A and FIG. 9B, comprised by six magnets 9, six core insulators 10, armature 20 and injector belt 12. Further comprising three supports 58 to sustain the embodiment, six output insulators 18, six output disc 19 and six neutralizers 25. The heat exchange system, previously explained in FIG. 8, comprised by pipes 48, 49, 24 and 21, steam turbine 43, condenser 51 and electrical generator 50. The electrical transformer 36, previously explained in FIG. 7, comprised by low voltage power supply 45, acceleration power supply 46, confinement power supply 47 and battery bank 42. The vacuum pump 37.

FIG. 15 – Core Exploded
An exploded assembly view is shown in FIG. 15, in order to clarify the assembly of the set of magnet 9, electrical core insulator 10, output insulator 18, output disc 19 and neutralizer 25.

The operation is similar to previously explained, except that there are only essential components for testing the electricity generation.
The output disc 19 where is applied a positive potential to force the products of the nuclear fusion reaction to exchange its kinetic energy to potential energy, and the positively charged products attract easily electrons from the neutralizer(electron gun) 25, and the neutralizer extract electrons from a positive terminal of capacitor C2 (FIG. 13) increasing its positive voltage which increases its stored energy (E=½CV2), then the switching-mode power supply 47 send this energy to battery bank 42 via electrical transformer 36 and power supply 45.

8. Calculations

As aforesaid, the nuclear fusion fuel for this disclosure can be composed of light atomic nucleus like hydrogen, deuterium, tritium, helium, lithium, beryllium, boron, and their various isotopes. Some isotopes like hydrogen-1, helium-3, lithium-6, lithium-7 and boron-11 are the interest for aneutronic nuclear fusion (low neutron radiation hazards), as example:
1H + 2 6 Li → 4He + (3He + 6Li) → 3 4He + 1H + 20.9 MeV ( 153 TJ/Kg ≈ 42 GWh/Kg)
1H + 7 Li → 2 4He + 17.2 MeV ( 204 TJ/Kg ≈ 56 GWh/Kg)
3He + 3 He → 4He + 2 1H + 12.9 MeV ( 205 TJ/Kg ≈ 57 GWh/Kg)
1H + 11 B → 3 4He + 8.7 MeV ( 66 TJ/Kg ≈ 18 GWh/Kg)
Boron hydrides (plentiful in the Earth) and helium-3 (plentiful in the lunar regolith) are special aneutronic fuels, due to its primary reaction produce less than 0.2% of the total energy as fast neutrons, meaning that a minimum of radiation shield is required for a spacecraft, and the products kinetic energy is directly convertible to electricity with a high efficiency, more than 95%, as previously described.
With hydrogen, boron forms a series of chemical compounds called borane or boron hydrides, as example, decaborane (B10H14) which have low toxicity and high density (950Kg/m3), and relatively inexpensive taking account that it is clean and its energy density is higher than the fossil fuels (18×106 KWh/Kg versus 13 KWh/Kg).

The following calculations take decaborane (B10H14) as example:
1H + 11B + 123KeV → 3 4He + 8.68MeV (66 TJ/Kg ≈ 18 GWh/Kg)
There are 10 × (1H + 11B) reactions and a rest of 4 × (1H)

Electronvolt (eV) is a unit of energy and a Volt (V) is a unit of electric voltage.
Electronvolt to Joule: 1 eV = 1.60218×10-19J
Electronvolt to temperature: 1 eV = 11604.505 Kelvin → 1 eV = 11604.505 K -273.15 = 11331.355 °C
Electronvolt to mass: 1 eV = 1.782662×10-36 Kg → 1 MeV = 1.782662×10-30 Kg

Charge: proton= +1.60218×10-19 C, electron= -1.60218×10-19 C
Particles mass: proton=1.67262×10-27 Kg, neutron=1.67493×10-27 Kg, electron=0.00091×10-27 Kg
11B mass= 5 protons + 5 electrons + 6 neutrons = 5×1.67262×10-27 + 5×0.00091×10-27 + 6×1.67493×10-27 = 18.41723×10-27 Kg
1H mass= 1 proton + 1 electron = 1×1.67262×10-27 + 1×0.00091×10-27 = 1.67353×10-27 Kg
Decaborane (B10H14) mass: 10×18.41723×10-27 + 14×1.67353×10-27 = 207.60172×10-27 Kg

Specific energy of decaborane (eV/Kg):
10 × (8.68MeV-123KeV) / (207.60172×10-27 Kg) = 4.12183×1032 eV/Kg
Specific energy of decaborane (J/Kg):
4.12183×1032 × 1.60218 ×10-19 = 66.03921×1012 J/Kg
Specific energy of decaborane (GWh/Kg):
66.03921×1012 / (3.6×106) = 18.34422×106 KWh/Kg = 18.34422 GWh/Kg

Extracting 14 electrons from decaborane to produce positively charged particles:
207.60172×10-27 -14×0.00091×10-27 = 207.58898×10-27 Kg
Specific ionization of decaborane(C/Kg) after extracting 14 electrons:
14×1.60218×10-19 / 207.58898×10-27 = +10.80525×106 C/Kg

The specific energy and specific ionization are essential parameters to define the magnetic flux and electrical potentials.

Using the specific energy to find velocity of products from nuclear reaction:
E=½mv2 → v= ((E/m) × 2)0.5 → v= ((66.03921×1012) ×2) 0.5 → v=11.49254×106 m/s
Specific impulse: 11.49254×106 / 9.80665 = 1.17191×106 s

Defining the magnet bore about 1 meter (0.5 meter of internal radius) and using the specific ionization to find magnetic flux:
r=mv/qB → r= (v/B) × (m/q) → r= (v/B) / (q/m) → B=v/(r × (q/m)) →
B=11.49254×106 / (0.5×10.80525×106) = 2.12721 Tesla
A superconducting magnet of 4.5 Tesla or higher and about 1 meter of bore is sufficient to confine radially the plasma (reactants and products).

The reactants (1H + 11B) needs at least 123KeV of kinetic energy for fusing, however 600KeV is considered the best, nevertheless, in theory, only 123KeV is consumed by the reaction. Losses caused by electromagnetic radiation (bremsstrahlung) are considered a fail of the coating of the magnet bore responsible to reflect the electromagnetic radiation back to plasma.

Calculation of a negative electric potential (first electric potential) for electrostatic acceleration of the positively charged particles to gain enough kinetic energy to fuse:
E = q×V → V=E/q → V= (E/m)/ (q/m) →
V= ((10×600KeV×1.60218×10-19)/207.58898×10-27)/ 10.80525×106 = 428.57165×103 Volts
Temperature: 600×103× (11604.505 K -273.15) = 6.79881 billion °C
An electric potential (first electric potential) of -430 KV is enough to the charged particles gain the required kinetic energy of about 7 billions °C.

Calculation of a positive potential (second electric potential) to confine longitudinally the reactants allowing the charged products (helium-4) escaping. A kinetic energy choice between reactants 600KeV and products 8.68MeV would be something about 1.4MeV (suitable for lithium hydride cross section too):
E = q×V → V=E/q → V= (E/m)/ (q/m) →
V= ((10×1.4MeV×1.60218×10-19)/207.58898×10-27)/ 10.80525×106 = 928.57191×103 Volts
V = 928.57191×103 – 430 KV = 498.57191×103 Volts
A positive electric potential (second electric potential) of +500 KV is enough to confine the reactants allowing the products to escape.

As aforesaid, fusing positively charged particles represents a normal energy production and low bremsstrahlung radiation, otherwise fusing negatively charged particles represents a high energy production and high bremsstrahlung radiation, however, for highest energy production, the specific ionization must keep as low as possible, that is the plasma charged particles must be a quasi-neutral plasma resulting in a high density, which implies in a higher magnetic flux and a higher acceleration and confinement voltage.

The consumption of the reactor at power of 200MWatts using a fuel with specific energy of 66.03921×1012J/Kg:
200MW = 200×106 J/s → 200×106 J/s / 66.03921×1012 J/Kg = 3.02850×10-6 Kg/s
A fuel consumption of 3.03 milligrams per second is enough for producing 200MWatts.
Ion source current: 3.02850×10-6 Kg/s × 10.80525×106 C/Kg = 32.72374 C/s
The ion injector belt must provide a current of at least 32.8 Amperes for producing 200MWatts.

Cyclotron frequency: f= qB/ (2πm) = (q/m) × (B/2π) = 10.80525×106 × 4.5/ (2×3.14159) = 7.73869 MHz
Magnetic pressure: pm = B2/2µ° = 4.52/ (2×4π×10-7) = 8.05721×106 J/m3
8.05721×106 / 101325 = 79.51848 atmospheres

Acceleration of a spacecraft of 500000Kg (500 tons) at power of 200MWatts:
200MWatts in 1s → 200×106Joule→ E=½mv2 → 200×106=½×500000× v2 → v=28.28427m/s
a=∆v/∆t → a=28.28427m/s2 → g-force= 28.28427 / 9.80665 = 2.88419 g
F=ma → F=500000 × 28.28427 → F=14.14223×106 N

The formula E=½mv2 refers to the action and reaction (Newton’s third law) between the spacecraft and the exhausting products and not between the spacecraft and the origin point or launching site.
In the outer space, half of the energy goes to the exhausting products:
½E=½mv2 → E=mv2 → 200×106=500000× v2→ v=20 m/s → a=∆v/∆t → a=20m/s2 → g-force= 2.0 g
A power of 200MWatts is enough for a spacecraft of 500000Kg (500 tons) reach an acceleration of 28.2m/s2 (2.8 g-force) in the Earth’s atmosphere and 20 m/s2 (2 g-force) in the outer space.

A travel between Earth and Mars (closest=55 758 006 km and farthest=400 000 000 km) at an acceleration of 20 m/s2 (2 g-force):
Midway: s= (103× (55758006 + 400000000)/2)/2=113.93950×109m
s=s0+v0t+½at2 → 113.93950×109=0+0+½×20×t2→ t=106.74244×103 s → t×2 ≈ 3 days
v=v0+at → v=0+20×106.74244×103 → v=2.13485×106m/s → v=7.68546×106Km/h
v2=v02+2a∆s → v2 = 0+2×20×113.93950×109 → v=2.13485×106m/s → v=7.68546×106Km/h
Fuel consumption: 3.02850×10-6 × (2×106.74244×103) = 0.64653Kg
Mass converted into energy: 4.12183×1032 × 0.64653 × 1.782662×10-36= 0.000475Kg (0.073%)
The travel between Earth and Mars, including acceleration and deceleration, will take 3 days and a decaborane consumption of 0.647 Kg , reaching a maximum velocity of 7.68×106Km/h at the midway.

A travel between Earth and Moon (perigee=348 200 km and apogee=402 100 km):
Midway: s= (103× (348200 + 402100)/2)/2=187.575×106m
s=s0+v0t+½at2 → 187.575×106=0+0+½×20×t2→ t=4.33099×103 s → t×2 ≈ 3 hours
v2=v02+2a∆s→ v2 = 0+2×20×187.575×106→ v=86.61986×103m/s→ v=311.83149×103Km/h
Fuel consumption: 3.02850×10-6 × (2×4.33099×103) = 0.026232Kg
Mass converted into energy: 4.12183×1032 × 0.026232 × 1.782662×10-36= 0.0000193 Kg (0.073%)
The travel between Earth and Moon, including acceleration and deceleration, will take 3 hours and a decaborane consumption of 0.027Kg, reaching a maximum velocity of 311.83×103Km/h at the midway.

Time to overwhelm the speed of light barrier (299 792 458 m/s) at an acceleration of 20 m/s2 (2 g-force):
v=v0+at → 299792458=0+20×t → t=14.98963×106 s → t≈ 5 months and 25 days
Fuel consumption: 3.02850×10-6 × 14.98963×106 = 45.39072Kg
Mass converted into energy: 4.12183×1032 × 45.39072 × 1.782662×10-36= 0.033356Kg (0.073%)
The time for overwhelming the speed of light barrier is about 5 months and 25 days at an acceleration of 20m/s2 with decaborane consumption about of 45.4Kg.

A travel between Earth and Alpha Centauri star (4.365 light years ≈ 1.338 parsec ≈ 41.28666×1015m):
Midway: s= 41.28666×1015 / 2 =20.64333×1015m
s=s0+v0t+½at2 → 20.64333×1015=0+0+½×20×t2→ t=45.43493×106 s → t×2≈ 2 years and 11 months
v2=v02+2a∆s→ v2 = 0+2×20×20.64333×1015 → v=908.69862×106m/s→ v=3.27131×109Km/h ≈3.031c
Fuel consumption: 3.02850×10-6 × (2×4.33099×103) = 275.19937Kg
Mass converted into energy: 4.12183×1032 × 275.19937 × 1.782662×10-36= 0.202212Kg
The travel between Earth and Alpha Centauri star, including acceleration and deceleration, will take 2 years and 11 months and a decaborane consumption of 275.2Kg, reaching a maximum velocity of 3.27131×109Km/h, about three times the speed of light, at the midway.

Global Warming Problem:
World energy consumption per year is about 500EJ (500×1018Joule ≈ 5708 TWh)
Energy density of the fossil fuels: 13 KWh/Kg = 46.9×106J/Kg
Fossil fuel consumption: 500×1018/46.9×106=10.66098×1012Kg
That is about 10.66 billion tons of carbon dioxide (CO2) and other toxic gases going to atmosphere each year increasing the greenhouse effect.

Global Warming Solution:
Specific energy of the decaborane: 18×106 KWh/Kg = 66×1012J/Kg
Decaborane consumption: 500×1018/66×1012=7.57575×106Kg
That will be only 7576 tons of clean, inert, safe and light helium gas ascending above the ozone layer per year. Some helium gas may escape to the outer space and be swept by the solar wind.

Deforestation for food production solution:
For save the biodiversity and to reduce the destruction of forested areas to be used as arable land and pasture for food production. This disclosure as energy source and an improvement in food technology is possible to synthesize carbohydrates, monounsaturated fats, proteins and vitamins, using electrochemical process, without toxic elements (e.g., mercury, lead), without radioactive elements (e.g., carbon-14, potassium-40), without animal corpse consumption (e.g., foot-and-mouth disease, mad-cow disease, avian influenza). The electrochemical food production will be worthwhile for outer space travels too. (see: organic synthesis, peptide synthesis)

This disclosure has no technical drawbacks, no environmental damage, and is more feasible than any other renewable energy like wind power, solar energy, hydroelectricity, and biofuels; all of them have low energy density requiring a lot of hectares.

The nuclear fusion reactor of this invention evolve an improved fusion energy concept, that can be used to generate electricity at high efficiency; to thrust a spacecraft at very high performance levels, exceeding conventional means by specific impulse (propellant efficiency) factors of 2600-4680 at an inexpressive radiation hazards requiring insignificant shielding; most of fusion product is the helium that is safe and a non toxic waste; and as alternative source of energy can reduce the global warming problem; and also is relatively inexpensive and have abundant fuel supply, has scalability of size and power, easier engineering and maintainability.

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Customers are shopping where these are choosing the latest fashions and designs they are enthusiastic about. Every store will limit their inventory to a particular brands because these are the ones that suit in with their current inventory.

Introducing new brands can be risky for some online retailers, therefore they usually do not want to introduce any brand new ones. An internet store that can partner with some other brands will give their customer more options. Each web store can also get customers with some other fashion styles.

Many retro styles are worn by skateboarders, music artist, reality tv stars, bloggers, street fighters and much more. Those who are considering the tough gang look can find t-shirts, backpacks, shoes and a lot more. Online shopping allows individuals to see what sizes have been in stock also. They will not have to examine a rack of clothes until they find what they already want.

A streetwear online boutique store is a superb spot to go shopping for someone who may be enthusiastic about that seem to be. They may have numerous different brands and styles to select from. Some of them will carry many different choices in accessories also.

Fake Id Cards – Might Holograms Fake Id Move Past Computer Security Tests.

An extensive quantity of organizations and businesses have come to comprehend that in order to be efficient and take control of their ID card printing requirements, it is very important to allow them to print their fakeid. These organizations have previously spent a lot of money to get their ID cards printed by a service bureau. But the good thing now is that you have hundreds of different types of ID Card Printers available now for use by these organizations.

The costs boasting of these different card printers vary. Those representing small or medium scaled organizations, corporations, businesses, educational facilities etc can readily take advantage of these printers. All that should be done would be to choose an Printer that will fulfill your entire printing needs. For that you have to work out your preferences and expectations, as to how many cards would you need to be printed inside a particular time frame? How creative would your printing process be and exactly how precise do you want your entire designs being? They are particular questions that you have to address before purchasing an ID card printer.

The usage of best fakeid has generally increased through the years. These days, security is a thing that none individuals desire to compromise on, which is why it is quite essential for us to learn who all have accessibility to our personal areas. Because of this, identification cards are highly preferred as they make it easier and quicker for security personnel to confirm who the individual is and allow access. For specific unknown reasons, ID cards manage to go missing every now and then, this is why it is essential for a corporation to meet their id card printing needs on their own to be able to cut costs along with time. Moreover, an card printer dexdpky03 an expert ID card printer gives employees the professional look they may have always desired. Hence, in order to keep your organization safe, make certain you print ID card through a reliable and efficient in order that no unwanted people can enter.

Another necessary aspect is with a good printer, such as an Evolis or even a Zebra card printer, you could print plastic id cards, which may be sure that the card will never be damaged after some time. Apart from that, there are many ID card machines on the market that might also allow you to print for both sides of your card at one time. Moreover, you may also add magnetic strips or holograms for added security.

There are plenty of companies around that Holograms fake id, but the printers that happen to be largely liked by organizations are Datacard, Magicard and Fargo Card Printer. So, in order to save money and give your organization that added security, be sure you print your very own id cards by using a card printer!

Songxinping – Most Up To Date Treatment Advances Pertaining To Dr Song Prostate Cancer.

In the prostate cancer treatments available, your personal doctor will recommend the remedy option that is best for you. Your decision depends on your overall health and how far advanced your cancer is. When the 3D Prostate Targeted Treatment for yourself is not something you’re at ease with, as an illustration you might not be comfortable with external beam radiation therapy; it is possible to give your doctor your opinion. It’s important that you tend to be at ease with all the decision. Discuss it with your loved ones at the same time, in particular the possible adverse reactions and cure rate.

Oncologists are experts in certain fields. Normally the one you might be referred to will be a specialist within the treatment prescribed for you.

The initial strategy in many treatment plans is watching and waiting. The symptoms which could indicate prostate cancer may also be indications of other problems such as disease in or close to your prostate. Watching and waiting is to determine which condition your symptoms come from.

During this period, blood samples is going to be tested for PSA levels and tissue samples can be sent to get a biopsy.Elevated amounts of the prostate specific antigen may point to a less serious medical problem. For this reason a tissue sample might be taken; to verify or to rule out the actual existence of cancer. Do not forget that early treatment usually has a better potential for cure.

Men who are the best candidates for prostate cancer surgery are the types more than likely to accomplish an effective recovery in the procedure. These are men with good overall health and who do not possess secondary issues that may interfere with recovery like cardiovascular disease. Surgery can bring about some serious side effects including incontinence and impoten-ce.

There are 3 several types of radiation therapies. External beam therapy is typically a stream of X-rays targeted at your pelvis coming from a device beyond the body. The X-rays burn away cancer cells through repeated treatments over several weeks.

A substitute external beam therapy is 3D Prostate Treatment Dr song prostate cancer. Rather than using X-rays, protons, that happen to be charged particles or ions, are streamed at the pelvis, again from a device outside your whole body.

Brachytherapy is the creation of several radioactive seeds straight into your prostate. They can be implanted with some injections while you are within general anesthetic.

All the radiation treatments above work with the key of burning cancer cells away with higher energy particles. Radiation treatment will take place with time, which is subjected to 69dexdpky same negative effects as surgery.

Hormone therapy is a technique of chemical treatment that seeks to change your hormonal levels to halt or slow the development of cancer cells. This Natural prostate cancer treatment is temporary because most patients build a resistance to the potency of the injections after a couple of years.

Hormone treatment therapy is not a cure and is also usually recommended as soon as the patient includes a higher stage (T-3 or T-4) of prostate cancer. The concept is always to prolong the patient’s life and slow the cancer’s growth.

High Intensity Focused Ultrasound uses focused ultrasound to heat and evaporate diseased tissue from the prostate. The product is aimed using an MRI scan and targeted tissue is heated to 80°C. The result is tissue that can no longer reproduce therefore cannot grow further. Healthy tissue is spared as the effective portion of the ultrasound pulse is very small and only some cubic mm at one time may be targeted. It really is done by using an out-patient basis and does not affect the grade of life that some of the other treatments do. HIFU also results in fewer significant adverse reactions than surgery or radiation. HIFU for prostate cancer is highly effective and is sometimes used for recurrent cancer. This is simply not a choice, however, as soon as the cancer has spread past the prostate.

Secure Handguns – Interesting Details to Not Overlook When Considering Secure Large Guns.

Owning a firearm is a serious responsibility, one I’ve never taken lightly. Gone would be the years when Dad would set the deer rifle and rabbit gun in the wooden rack that hung on the wall; we wouldn’t touch them, because we understood whatever they were all about. However, within this crazy ages of mandatory trigger locks, corporate culpability, legal finger-pointing along with other common-sense-defying legal situations, a gun safe makes a whole lot of sense. While there are lots of models, types, styles and sizes to choose from, there are actually certain features that I appreciate. According to your needs, the quantity of firearms you should store, along with the room you need to store them, certain features may interest you. Let’s check out some of the choices available.

A gun safe reviews can be a couple of various things. It could be, to put it simply, a means of securing your firearms and ammunition to make sure they don’t fall under an unacceptable hands. Or, it could be a way of disaster insurance, protecting not just your firearms, but other valuables and irreplaceable items from fire. I love to note this here, without having intended offense to the safe manufacturing companies: I’ve never owned or seen a secure that may actually hold the volume of firearms how the manufacturer has indicated. I’ve tried to stuff them within the safe like rakes in a shed and rearranged them within a Tetris-like fashion, nevertheless i can’t arrive at the number they indicate. So, my first piece of advice is usually to “overbuy.” While virtually all my firearms are standard-place-lacking any fancy engraving or marbled walnut-I do have got a handful which might be deemed as pretty, and the very last thing I want is always to have my investment scratched or dinged as a result of cramped quarters. So, Personally, i love to keep things rather loose within the safe.

Virtually all my firearms are long guns, when I went shopping I needed a configuration that will center around them, with the ability of neatly storing my handguns too, in addition to several of my valuables (there are less of the than I’d prefer). I had been in the market for a good that might hold right around 40 long guns, and was settled upon a certain model, whenever a friend called me to provide this news that he’d been transferred from New York to Georgia for a job opportunity. He had a Timber Ridge 64-gun safe, purchased from Gander Mountain, and due to immense size, he wished to sell it off as opposed to make an attempt to haul it on the East Coast. Long story short, I took over as the new owner of your safe that doubled being a small office-and I’m glad I have done. The over-sized (a minimum of compared to what I thought I’d need) body allows me to hold my firearms within a “roomy” manner; the opportunity for dings or scratches is, no less than, minimized.

My very own safe features a manual, dial combination lock, with a three number combination, in addition to a key lock to secure the mechanism. I’ve since investigated some of the models with all the electronic locks, and even though their design appears to be sound, I am just dear friends with Mr. Murphy along with his close-following Law, therefore i tend to try and keep things simple. I will report that in 36 months of ownership, I’ve had no malfunctions whatsoever with all the locking mechanism. The Timber Ridge series is manufactured by Liberty Safe, and these people have a great history of customer support.

Deciding on a lock mechanism is ultimately under your control, while i believe that both will work, but I’d highly claim that you have an effective, long check out the fire rating in the safe you’re considering. Each safe will indicate at what temperature, and for what amount of time, the contents will probably be safe. Please take into account that while paper-as Mr. Bradbury so eloquently related-will ignite at 451°F, lots of the synthetic stocks will melt at temperatures around 250°F, along with the steel barrel of the firearm will act as a heat-sink, trapping and holding the heat of your fire. Since it stands, there is not any standardized rating system to get a fire-proof gun safe, and so the consumer will have to do their best to interpret the data, in order to best serve their demands.

Many of the gun safes lock up with round, protruding steel rods, just like a bank vault. You’ll want a sturdy, tamper-proof locking mechanism, to ensure that thieves can’t burglary easily. Many gun safes come pre-drilled with holes inside the floor, for bolting the safe towards the floor. As a result lots of sense, as I’ve known folks who are already robbed, and because the thieves couldn’t enter the safe, they merely stole the full affair. Bolt that thing for the floor and you’ll most probably believe it is the place you left it.

You also have to be cognizant in the weight of your own safe; some of the larger models can easily weigh greater than one thousand pounds, which can test the potency of your floor joists. If I was required to wager, I’d repeat the model I own weighed a lot more like 1,500 pounds, and the house simply couldn’t handle it, thus it resides inside my shop.

And that brings me towards the last tip: be aware of the humidity conditions in your neighborhood. Here in the Northeast, where it is very damp throughout many of the year, my safe from the shop is challenged by moisture, which results in rust, and that i hate rust. I prefer a dehumidifier made underneath the Remington brand, which utilizes water-collecting beads to attract the moisture away from my firearms. The beads are blue when dry, and change into a pale-pink color when saturated. You may then plug the apparatus into a wall socket, to dry it again. This handy little tool keeps things dry inside, and it’s simple enough to keep. Other safes use bulbs to keep things dry, and having light inside the safe is actually a nice feature. I’ve rigged up many different light sources, nevertheless i truly wish my safe had a permanent, fixed lighting system.

My own safe features a rack system for holding my rifles, but there are more systems. A number of the nicer Pendleton safes have a Lazy-Susan style rotating rack for quick removal or addition of your own firearm. The Pendleton’s have some of the neatest graphics on the market-really classy stuff.

Choosing a gun safe is among one of those ideas that ought to be well researched, however i feel that you ultimately should see and notice the safe before you buy it; a blind purchase from the web can readily cause disappointment. Choose wisely, and ensure you might have some strong friends available for that move!

Fiber Optic Transceiver – A Variety Of Purposes For Direct Attach Cable Solutions.

Fiber optic cable is very popular for today’s use. Compared to standard electrical cables, fiber optic cable gives you more advantages. Therefore, this cable is highly preferable since it is able to provide security and low attenuation rates. In just about every day life, this cable is generally employed for telephone connection and internet.

The initial advantage which this cable offers is definitely the security. It includes you safer communications because it is highly resistant to radio frequency jamming and interference and tapping. Using this cable, you simply will not knowledge of getting interfered while communicating. Additionally, the Department of Defense has utilized this sort of cable for over 25 years.

The next advantage is its inexpensive price. In comparison to copper wire, transceiver module is offered at discounted price. It will probably be more economical selection for you. Additionally, furthermore, it permits you to transmit data spanning a large distance.

The next advantage you may take is that it is free of charge from your electrical interference. It will turn this into cable particularly more valuable in locations with high voltage and lightening. Another essential thing is that it will not need electricity in order that it is not going to pose into a fire hazard.

The fourth advantage that you can take from optic cable is it has low attenuation. This means that the cable has very little data loss even in an extended distance. The sunshine of the cable will dexcpky34 from the fiber that makes it experience no attenuation or intensity loss with time.

Another excellent advantage of fiber patch cable is it is space saver. With the great capacity which this cable is able to handle, you don’t need to install lots of cable to your various needs. With less cable installation, it can save you space within your building as well as other small space.

Dr Oz Cambogia – Deciding Upon The Right Garcinia Cambogia from Dr Oz.

Garcinia Cambogia extract is really a diet supplement that is gaining huge popularity. Many doctors recommend the pill to deal with obesity due to its effective nutraceutical ingredients. Hydroxycitric Acid(HCA) has been studied by healthcare professionals and many consider it effective to lessen appetite, stop carbohydrates from converting to fat, and elevate the metabolism- helping people shed weight and get fit.

The capsules in this product are dr oz cambogia without fillers. In addition, it contains 60% HCA(Hydroxycitric Acid- the compound liable for the majority of Cambogia’s fat loss properties). This is basically the top supplement recommended by many people professionals for people looking to lose excess weight- though you should always combine GC with exercise and diet, in accordance with their reviews.

A good lifestyle is very important when you are trying to have a fat burning goal- but this medicine has helped a lot of people break their own personal records.

Cambogia is studied extensively and its research has been published all over the place. This nutraceutical has many wonderful benefits that you can learn about in more detail below.

All of these benefits are what permits people taking Garcinia to lose weight rapidly when they incorporate it into a healthy lifestyle. Should you be looking to acquire the extract, remember, it is wise to choose a product or service which contains 100% pure Garcinia so you reap the above benefits of natural extract. You don’t want to be utilizing a knock-off as explained near to the end of this article.

Just ensure you are going for a real, pure supplement as shown on this page. These kinds of products get the highest concentration of HCA, which provides you with one of the most diet benefits.

Obviously, exercising regularly and eating properly may help anyone whose goal is to get in shape. Regardless if you are using this with regards to just losing a couple pounds or even your goal is to modify your body completely, these changes in lifestyle are strongly suggested.

However, one reason GC is very popular is due to the extra weight management benefits it gives irrespective of the user’s lifestyle. Many men and women have observed positive results by using it even without changing their lifestyle or current meals. Take note, however, that such results are not typical and you should always exercise should you be attempting to achieve great outcomes. Unhealthy food is clearly something that everyone ought to avoid whenever you can, as an example, but since the weight loss pill dr. oz recommends often decreases the user’s appetite, she or he will not feel such a strong have to consume as many calories- making this process much easier.

Additionally, the proclaimed metabolism-elevating negative effects of HCA result in the body to lose more fat which will help prevent carbohydrates from turning into fats once within the body(not entirely, but a substantial section of them). Carbs are the number one reason behind fat accumulation within the body. Finding ways to reduce them and acquire better mileage from your meals are essential for Australians if you would like improve your body and reduce your BMI/look better in general.

The problem is that we need to eat some carbohydrates in order to have sufficient energy to get from the day. Ever tried eating just protein? It might help you feel a small “fullness” initially but after about a half hour your system is craving some carbs.

What many people do is consume a diet of almost strictly carbs(especially in the modern world) including simple and easy quick foods like waffles, breads, cereals, pizza, etc. This is certainly obviously not a desirable way to do things if you are looking to obtain serious results- but the great thing about Garcinia is the HCA starts dexepky95 quickly inside your body to bar the processes that turn a great deal of these compounds into fats. So whatever you consume or how you will exercise- it is actually our belief that you will be prone to shed more weight in case you have HCA in the body vs. should you don’t.

The topic of “energy-elevation” from this capsule is a much debated topic, which we consider covering more in-depth later. However, many people report experiencing and enjoying the fat-blocking effects- you will likely start noticing it within 3-4 events of taking it and its effects fully kick in after a couple of weeks than it accumulating within your body.

The effect of any lessened appetite: unlike the main topic of increased energy from taking dr oz weight loss pill recommendation, a lower appetite is really a proven benefit which has been studied extensively in a number of trials. Personally, i felt this myself as well and had not been consuming the maximum amount of food as normal after I was taking it for 1-2 weeks. I was not snacking all the throughout the day and located it simpler to just eat several solid meals which were mainly protein-based- instead of consuming a bunch of bad carbs as described above.

I highly recommend by using this effect for your full advantage by actively altering your diet as you begin to feel a smaller amount of an urge to overeat. All of us want the quick, smart way to get in shape without needing to do just about anything but is that really a reality? Simply speaking, this medicine is bound to help you but you need to be hoping to get interested in your daily diet generally speaking.

Online Marketing Medford – Searching for the Right the Best Online Marketing Medford by Going Online.

With a large number of website designers, marketing firms, business directories, and independent consultants offering internet search engine placement services, selecting the best google search placement company can feel overwhelming. There are several considerations in addition to your specific needs, market depth and competition. Once you’ve defined the trouble, you must still examine the noise to locate a reputable firm that has the capabilities needed to successfully execute your campaign.

Do you want your blog on the 1st page for every search linked to your services, or would only a few new customers per month bet a much better fit? Will you want a new website or do you already have a professional looking, search engine friendly website? There are various companies, offering a wide variety of services. Some business owners want to purchase services from a number of different contractors that have a narrow focus,, although some choose to leave the whole project at the disposal of internet marketing company medford which offers a broad spectrum of services.

Just how many other manufacturers wish to sell something for your market? Obviously a The Big Apple plumber will have more competitors than a single in Missoula Montana. In larger markets additionally there is a larger variety of profitable keyword opportunities. The greater number of competitive your SEO marketplace is the greater important it gets that you simply go with a top tier placement company.

Once you’ve determined what kind of google search placement campaign you need, you can start vetting companies. There are directories like Searchified Organics, Top SEO’s, SEOMOZ directory and others where you can find a huge selection of marketing companies, including including information regarding services offered, customer reviews and other information. When viewing client reviews understand that a couple of happy customers doesn’t guarantee that you just are experiencing the dexepky89 results. Conversely, just because one negative review is online, doesn’t mean the organization is un-hireable.

Normally i recommend hiring only firms who have proven competency in similar markets, provide genuine client testimonials, and therefore are individuals associations like local chamber of commerce, BBB, etc. Avoiding companies who do not possess an established customer base and available portfolio of labor is an excellent general guideline. The benefit of employing a an affiliate the BBB and other organizations lies in the fact that they can be accountable for an independent third party when it comes to a dispute.

Combining a little research with many sound judgment can help you avoid mistakes when selecting an online marketing company, and help save the expense of creating an on-site web marketing department. Execute a few Internet search for your products. If you can’t find your internet site on the 1st page, it’s probably time for you to start looking for a reputable search engine placement company.

Best Vapor E Cig – Different Tips About Getting Yourself Cheap Ecigs.

I really hope you enjoyed making your own personal vape juice using a previous article I posted in your DIY Vape Juice series published on Vaping Zone blogs. Preparing your personal vape juice is as easy as ABC. However, there are specific processes which could need a lot of attention, as an example – Steeping Vape Juice. This is why; I was thinking to create an entire piece on steeping e vapor cig.

Do you know what? Steeping is among those procedures that remind me of earning the best of food by careful nurturing in the food ingredients, here, in this instance, the E Cig juice components. It is just like sowing a seed, and nurturing and eagerly observing it for several days just to visit a beautiful sapling emerging out of the soil.

The Wikipedia states that steeping is absolutely nothing but soaking in liquid, usually water, to extract flavors. This sounds really simple. You may currently have some steeping experience.

Have you tried keeping a piece of salted ham in water to remove additional salt? Well, that had been steeping which you did. You are probably drinking a hot cup of green tea while looking at this article, which again is really a product of your simple steeping procedure.

Steeping is not only a routine procedure being performed without the scientific logic involved. Remember, old wine tastes better!

Scientifically speaking, steeping allows interaction between Electronic Cigarette juice components with air, especially oxygen in the air that can help to further improve the taste.

There may be something called Maillard reaction that may also happen during steeping, depending upon the steeping duration. The Maillard reaction involves a chemical interaction involving the amino acids and reducing sugars from the vape juice, which may result in the enhancement of the flavors.

In the past, many scientific study has performed experiments to examine if steeping does alter the flavor whatsoever?

Well, I discovered this beautiful group of experiments carried by Ashtray Blog.

They only sent a steeped along with an unsteeped vape juice bottle to many vapers and asked these people to rate the flavor and throat hit on the scale of -10 (10 being the best).

The vapers did not have a prior expertise in which bottle is steeped and which is not. In addition, the experimenters used one particular flavor through the entire experiment, making the experiment less error prone.

Steeped liquids by using an average were rated 8.11 when compared with unsteeped liquids which were rated 6.33. However, the throat hit was greater with unsteeped liquids.

Steeping does have some influence on flavors, probably improving the flavor, and possibly lowering the throat hit

So, the studies show that steeping actually helps! The particular next question which may visit your brain might be the way to steep smoking vapor electronic cigarette reviews that you simply prepared!

Perhaps, most of you only don’t have some perserverance to stay from the steeping procedure. Well, in that case, I advise you to make more quantity of vape juice in the first place. Keep some amount for steeping and use one other half for vaping.

There are a variety of methods to steep your E-liquid. Just follow this short protocol to steep and you will definitely find how steeping could make positive changes to DIY vape juice.

Streathing necessarily combines steeping and breathing, hence probably could be the best steeping method.

We at Vaping Zone offer E Cig Juice bottles, PET childproof bottles, precisely the ones which you might necessity for successful steeping process. We have size options starting with 10 ml dexepky93 1000 ml at cheap prices.

There are various approaches to steep – easy to complex, as well as some involving consumption of laboratory instrument. Let’s go one after the other.

With this procedure, you place capped E Cig juice bottles in cool, dry and dark location to steep. You could utilize a brown container or perhaps your cigarette box for this particular.

Because I mentioned the regular and simplest way is keeping the best vapor e cig, dry, and dark spot for a week or two. This could consume time and effort.

I am hoping you keep to the protocol mentioned here. Probably, it will probably be a great idea to use various ways alternatively on the very same E Cig juice in an attempt to assess the efficacy from the methods.

I am hoping you find this informative article, second within the combination of DIY vape juice published on Vaping Zone blogs, useful. You may workout your brains and learn more and more steeping techniques. Do share those techniques with me.

Personalized Letter From Santa – You Can Check This Great Site To Continue Reading On The Subject Of Personalized Letters From Santa.

There is something magical about being a kid. All things are new and exciting. Something as simple as ants around an ant hill may be converted into a huge army getting ready to invade an exploding volcano. You only need to include a little imagination into the mix. This is also true when it comes to seasons and holidays. Kids love summer as it means they may be out from school. Kids love Fall because they reach start piles of leaves and acquire dressed up in fancy costumes. There may be one period, however, that tops them all. It is actually a magical time when children’s imaginations just run wild. You guessed it – it’s Christmas time.

It only happens once per year and kids can hardly have the excitement which leads as much as December 25. They are working all year to get good to ensure Santa Claus will take them the presents that they are requesting. Traditionally, kids will write a letter to Santa Claus to make sure they know what they need for Christmas. After they write the letter towards the North Pole, they wait patiently for Christmas morning to visit see if their desires were granted. Well wouldn’t it be fun if Santa Claus sent them a private message before that wedding event? Picture the excitement on your child’s face whenever they receive their very own letters from Santa!

For under 5 pounds, you will get letters from Santa brought to your young ones to create this Christmas so much more memorable and special. Within these santa claus letter, you will see that he will talk about the hometown where your children live, know age of the little one, and the man may even discuss your child’s closest friend! All that you need to do to acquire these personalized letters from Santa delivered to your young ones is to complete a quick online form that may request some specific information.

These letters are personalized simply for your youngster, and they will love understanding that Santa Claus spent the time out of his day to write them a small note. Every one of these letters will likely be sent dexepky69 the month of December and they can arrive there before Christmas. If they don’t, then you will definitely get a refund and you won’t have lost anything. Most of these letters from Santa are written on excellent A4 paper and there is a quality unmatched by almost every other service. Let your kids experience a Christmas like never before by using some customized letters through the St. Nick himself.

Seo Services Pricing – Point Your Browser At This Blog To Get More Information.

Today SEO has become a necessity in Web Based Business. And also this statement holds valid for small enterprise firms, and that’s reason the firms having limited budget in SEO or marketing often end up inside a bad situation. SEO is an ongoing process which include continuous efforts. Big SEO firms have costly packages which fails to suit the cost of small company firms. As well as the main criteria of these firms are going to get maximum return. And so that you can enable them to some SEO reseller firms offer exciting SEO packages. And one such demonstration of such firm which gives Cheap SEO package. And such as this you will find seo campaign who have established themselves as small business SEO Provider Firm.

The SEO approaches for Business include:

1) SEO Content Importance: Mostly Search Engines Like Google like content which are fresh and new, and is also related to the company they may be dealing in or even the location they participate in. There has to be 10-20 well optimized pages with relevant content.

2) Keyword Selection: Stress must be laid on keyword selection and analysis, and it is essential to set realistic objectives. Local SEO will have an important factor as usually business firms have limited region to function and they are not globally present. Local SEO gives maximum return on your investment. Effective Keyword Selection is actually extremely important. Like such as a Cardiologist is practicing in India and wants to perform SEO for his clinic, then its preferable to focus in India Region as opposed to other parts around the world. Main Keywords in this case will include Cardiologist in India, Indian Cardiologist etc. Now in this case if seo link building usa is carried out as opposed to local SEO, this boosts both SEO cost along with the time for you to achieve top page slot on Search Engines Like Google.

3) Relevant Traffic: It is more valuable to have relevant traffic on the site. Regarding example regardless of whether a small company firm gets good traffic by doing seo for small business, the biggest thing is dexepky75 many visitors will actually fit in with that local region. And people belonging to local region will undoubtedly bring business for yourself. Therefore while writing content for business organization and optimizing html, Meta, images and other things, local search engine optimization ought to be the main focus.

4) Building Links Services: For small companies, Link-building is completed inside a different manner. In this instance website is submitted in local search engines like google, business directories, directory websites, forums, bookmarking websites. Along with the region where the industry is operated is included in tags, keywords, titles etc.

Suit Tailor – Take A Look At This Website To Continue Reading About Hong Kong Tailors.

Europe is definitely the fashionable continent especially England, France, Italy and Spain within the centuries. There has been some changes as the usa and Asia, Hong Kong in particular, are becoming section of the world’s tailoring industry. Throughout each one of these centuries, tailors have played significant roles in providing classy men’s clothing especially suits.

Tailoring requires plenty of skill to turn fabric into a suit. Centuries ago, clothes were loose fitting without any shape by any means. There was no requirement for skill whatsoever. Together with the turn from the century, the fit became a significant part associated with a clothing. A suit needs to be molded in such a manner that this follows the entire body, complementing its build. A tailor was and is also still regarded with respect. Very prominent men like kings, business people and also other outstanding guys have sought out the services of hong kong tailors. They may have not been disappointed within the provision of elegant and refined suits.

People would rather have one tailor. By doing this, a tailor will get to know a person over a personal basis. The tailor will easily know the requirements of clients. It is also easy for the tailor to modify a client’s suggestions for a suit without compromising on its elegance as well as its fit. A tailor will offer one a signature look that might not be easily copied such that it remains a limited edition.

Having more than one tailor can also be great for a variation in style and design. Each tailor has his method of building the type of your suit. Clients might have suits by using a different tailor’s character. The individuality of any wardrobe becomes more distinct. In customised men’s suits, men and women will surely notice how you will exude grace and sophistication.

A tailor uses only genuine material within the making of suits. When a client wants a silk suit, he will obtain pure silk. Materials are portion of the formula that makes a tailor very successful. Because of this, it is common for any tailor to go on a fabric buying trip. He orders cloth along with his clients’ needs uppermost on his mind. Even buttons are section of the final look. Normally the buttons get the signature of the tailor stamped upon them. Design would not make a suit as exclusive without the proper material to choose it.

Imagine wearing an entirely hand sewn suit. It is extremely possible as being the tailor adheres on the wishes from the clients. The stitch effort is usually intricate building a very handsome suit. There is lots of passion that can enter in the making of any customized suit that can never exist by using a suit created in a factory. From dexepky65 to material to develop and down to the needlework, the tailor will zealously work on your suit to make it right into a suit unmatched by other suits. That is what individuality is centered on.

As tailors happen to be in tune using the clients’ needs, they will always be a crucial part from the clothing industry with an integral component of people’s lives.

Herbs For Breasts – Head Over To This Great Site To Get More Info.

Do you wish to learn how to make boobs bigger? Lots of women today do and one of many explanations why is because there is a lot of pressure from the media telling them that guys don’t like women with small breasts.

Some women might choose to boost their breast size since they want so as to breastfeed plus they realize it won’t be possible with underdeveloped breasts. Regardless of why you want to make the boobs bigger you can find are some steps you can take to assist your breasts develop more.

In terms of naturally making your boobs bigger pills to make your breast grow are already proven to produce great outcomes. Natural supplements work simply because they contain phyto-estrogens, which happens to be estrogen naturally found in plants.

These plant based estrogens can help your breast boost in size by 1 to 2 cups spanning a 4 to 5 month period. If consumed in enough doses, phyo-estrogens will help make boobs bigger by promoting breast tissue growth. Simply because phyto-estrogens work like estrogen inside the body.

There are 4 different groups of phytoestrogens and they include lignans, soy isoflavones, resorcylic acid lactones, and coumestans. Soy isoflavones work most effectively phytoestrogen that assist influence your very own estrogen activity by imitating its effects within the female body.

It’s important to note you should never take a lot more than the recommended dosage of phytoestrogen, as it’s unhealthy in an attempt to keep a higher estrogen activity for more than 9 months. By taking the recommended dosage of your herbal supplement you shouldn’t have nothing to think about.

If you use the phyto-estrogens that herbal medicines provide properly and if you utilize it along with a nutritious diet, you’ll have the ability to safely and effectively help make your boobs bigger. Prior to buying any herbal supplement for natural breast enhancement be sure to select the best product, because they differ in quality and purity standards. Avoid choosing a product just because it’s the least expensive and appearance if they’ve got any good testimonials or a proven record of quality and success.

To help make your boobs bigger naturally with supplements safely you have to be sure the product has quality ingredients. Below you’ll find some of the finest herbal substances that will give you your whole body with the most phyto-estrogen required to help your body produce bigger boobs. The herbs that you have to look out for in herbal medicines for natural breast enlargement include:

Wild Yam

Wild yam is a popular herb in terms of natural breast enlargement since it posesses a high volume of phyto-estrogens. This herb will also help boost the reproductive system of the female, for example reducing menopausal symptoms and premenstrual.

You may also take this herb as being a tea by steeping the herb. If you can find it in powder form it can be used inside a cream to massage your breasts.


Fenugreek is traditionally used to aid women increase the production of milk in their breasts. However, this herb has proven to aid in increasing breast size too. Fenugreek contains various phyto-estrogens that can help with breast development by stimulating prolactin production and imitating the consequences of estrogen.


This herb might help make boobs bigger and also it mimmicks mammary gland development and treat hormonal imbalances.


For girls who would like to learn how to make boobs bigger fennel should definitely be regarded. This herb is probably the mostly found ingredients in herbal supplements increase breast size to acquire bigger breast. It works great with fenugreek so seek out supplements which may have both these herbs listed as active ingredients.

Like wild yam you can include fennel to creams and use it to your breasts and massage it in to help make boobs bigger naturally. Our prime quantity of phyto-estrogens in fennel are not just just the thing for breast enlargement but in addition low s-ex drive and increasing milk production in new mothers. You might also drink fennel being a tea to aid stimulate levels of estrogen and breat devlopment.

Saw Palmetto

Saw Palmetto is another herb that naturally promotes breast enhancement, and also increasing libido. The components naturally seen in this herb have already been accustomed to assist with treating various breast disorders in females. The phyto-estrogens in saw palmetto is effective together with the other herbs listed here utilized to promote breast tissue growth.

Other things that herbal medicines used to make boobs bigger may have include black cohosh, dong quai, kava, red clover, ginseng, and evening primrose.

Seek out herbal supplements which have a number of of such phyto-estrogen rich herbs.

If you are taking any kind of medication for blood thinning like warfarin you must avoid taking supplements with one of these herbal ingredients. Consult with your doctor first before you start taking these supplements. When you begin taking these supplements start off with only one or two each day.

In comparison with other more traditional breast enhancement methods, using herbs to create boobs bigger can take significantly longer. Some women surrender taking them when they don’t see any results after only a few weeks.

The reality is it takes from monthly to a few months of taking these supplements consistently before you decide to notice an increase in your breast size. Together with with dexepky57 supplements you want to do other stuff to make sure that your boobs get bigger within a reasonable time.

In the event you don’t see any significant results within 9 months discontinue utilizing the supplements and seek advice through your doctor. Your system isn’t designed to sustain an increased level of estrogen activity for your long of your time. Each lady differs what exactly works for one female might not work effectively for you personally.

You will also have to remember that low estrogen activity is probably not the key reason why your breasts aren’t developing how you want so the phyto-estrogens offered by these herbs for breast growth might not exactly come with an effect. There are lots of reasons your breasts aren’t as big as you desire – genes, age, diet, etc. If you wish to learn how to make boobs bigger naturally then be sure you do many different methods like exercises, eating the right foods, massage techniques, plus more to assist with breast enlargement and don’t just concentrate on one.

Stainless Steel Antenna – When Picking Out Stainless Steel Needles Think About These Details.

Galvanized steel roofing is actually a sleek alternative to wooden or asphalt shingles. Galvanized steel is incredibly strong, durable, and long-lasting. These qualities make galvanized roofing an attractive choice for roofing a home. Steel roofing offers protection against every one of the elements and lasts longer than other shingle types.

Galvanized steel is less expensive than stainless-steel. Cars will also be made from galvanized steel because of its advantages and competitive price. Galvanized steel is corrosive resistant, and in addition it might be recycled. Galvanized steel is coated by using a zinc layer to make it corrosive resistant. During this process the steel bonds with the zinc, making it galvanized. It can also be painted in numerous colors and can be purchased in premade colors as well as other sizes and shapes. There are plenty of options to pick from with galvanized steel.

Stainless steel, on the other hand, offers variety. You can find over 60 kinds of steel to select from when roofing your house. Steel is constructed of sturdy chromium, coated with chromium oxide creating anti-corrosive properties. However, it can be more pricey. You can find different kinds of stainless, making it a bit complicated to choose the correct one for the roofing needs.

When you have stainless steel antenna you are likely to experience rust sooner or later in the lifetime of the roof. When this happens you must follow certain steps. Oxalic acid removes the rust; use one pound per gallon of water to combine the correct solution. Apply employing a hose having a spray bottle linked to it. It is helpful to obtain the source of dexepky33 rust to correct any things that could become long lasting. The easiest method to prevent rusting would be to paint the rooftop.

Painting galvanized exhaust pipe is a smart choice. It protects against rust and discoloration in the steel and preserves the grade of the steel so it can last longer. To paint a steel roof you must first inspect the location for damage, dirt, and rust. Use a roof brush to clean up off dirt and scrape off any previous paint with a knife. Then inspect the roofing for damage, and replace these first. Stains could be lightened with bleach. Then power-wash the whole roof with hose and special cleaner. Next, work with a primer and apply with rollers or even a spray painter about the entire roof. Then apply the colour of paint you want to use with the roller or spray painter. Two coats or even more are recommended for the best color and so it will be stick better. If you do not wish to accomplish this yourself you need to make contact with a professional, since working on the rooftop could be dangerous.

Luxury Villas Mykonos – Take A Look At This Incredible Website To Understand More About Luxury Villas Mykonos.

Greece is definitely the first destination for visitors from all of over world. It’s natural beauties entrenched with beautiful islands like Santorini, ancient monuments, continues to be attracting people from years. For this reason reason Greece and its nearer islands are always crowded with tourists. Keeping the visitors requirement in your mind numerous luxury hotels and villas have already been located sothat a tourist can experience the comfort and the conveniences of luxury hotels easily. However, it really has been observed that increasing numbers of people buying personal holiday villas so that you can maintain privacy with their holiday tour, specifically in Greek islands like Santorini.

The world famous island of Santorini is the southern most island of the Cycladic group within the Aegean Sea located 63 miles north of Crete. Its surface is 73 sq. km as well as its population distributed among thirteen villages, just exceeds 13,000.

Santorini is amongst the most beautiful and romantic islands on this planet and is also an area with extreme historical interest since medieval times. Santorini distinguishes through the other islands of Cyclades for its geological morphology. The cause of its existence is the explosion in the volcano thousands in the past. The presence Caldera and its particular unique view magnetize tourists to Zakynthos Villas. It’s romantic atmosphere attracts men and women to visit, get wed and stay permanently in Santorini. It is actually a luxurious small complex of traditional villas with stunning costal views. The visit of Santorini gives you a wonderful experience.

Santorini is a well-communicated island and may be reached from most international airports via Athens. The flying time from Athens to Santorini is around 40 minutes. Ferry boat services are another way to get to the island in the port of Piraeus, Crete and virtually all the Cycladic islands. The boat trip takes approximately 7-9 hours dependant upon the ferry type and the ports of call.

In Santorini, you can experience typical mediterranean climate. The sun is generally remain very long time throughout every season. It is actually relatively warm in dry summers and mild in winters. Throughout the warm and dry season the weather conditions is usually stable, the sky is clear, the sun is bright there is often no rainfall.

Santorini’s famous beaches are distributed along the eastern as well as the south-eastern side from the island. Each beach possesses unique characteristics like black shining pebbles, unique land formations, black, white and red sand with unforgettable sceneries of the coastline Within the south-eastern area of the island you might discover the beaches of Monolithos, Avis and Kamari that happen to be organized beaches mainly desirable to families with young kids. Numerous hotels, restaurants, tavernas and small shops are located along the beaches, specifically in Kamari. Aquatic sports are given by the beach of Avis, which attracts younger people.

Monolithos beach is situated on the north section of the island and is 9 kilometers out of the capital, Fira. It can be appropriate for family vacations with children since it is a quite peaceful settlement. In addition, it has a organized long beach with smooth gold sand, particularly shallow waters, a lifeguard and children’s playground. The beach is for enough time to enable you to play a number of games such as volleyball, soccer and basketball. There is also a beach bar, while across the road there are lots of taverns with fresh fish through the nuts in the owners and delicious local cuisine. The bus stop is merely few meters away, which connects Monolithos to Kamari and Fira. Monolithos may be the closest beach towards the center.

In Monolithos beach two similar Villas available, that happen to be next to one another and located 30-40 meters outside the sea. Both villas can readily host a major family for either holidays or permanent stay. Both villas have a living room area, a kitchen and a WC in the earth floor whereas inside the first floor three bedrooms as well as a bathroom can be found. Both in the earth and first floor exist spacious balconies where most of them have sea view. There also exists a basement where one may utilize it as a spare large storage space. Each villa has individual central heating too. The real difference in between the villas is the fact that one of those dexepky63 individual room for kitchen and living room use. On the flip side another villa includes a large room employed for both kitchen and family room. Approximately 50 meters away exists a public children’s playground and a few meters further than that starts the organized black beach of Monolithos. 100 meters away is the nearest bus station while the center of Santorini, Fira is just 7 kilometers away (10-20 minutes drive).

Buying a villa in Santorini has changed into a passion among retired personals those that want to spend the remainder of their life inside the lap of nature and would like to stay far from the hubbub of city life, Santorini villa is the greatest choice for them. Santorini Villa may help these people to get relaxed and to enjoy enthralling surroundings of the island.

An interested person can gather enough details about a vacation Villa in Santorini, Greece by searching through Internet. You can look in your website if you want to gather more info on property-in-Santorini.

房貸 – Participate In The Chinese Discussion Message Board On The Subject Of 房貸.

In past times couple of years the lending industry and gone through some significant changes. As a result of massive amount of folks that have gone into foreclosure, many industries saw that some of the practices these people were following were not sustainable. As a way to solve this concern they made it harder for folks who a low credit score to try to get 房屋貸款. One specific loan which had been significantly affected was stated income loans.

Prior to the 2007 mortgage crash, these loans were often employed by a number of different lenders. The key reason why they took such bad hit was because people often lied on the loan applications. Rather than accurately stating the value of their income, people would often state earnings which was significantly higher. This contributed to many people defaulting on their loans as soon as the credit did start to dry up.

A stated loan allows borrowers to state their income in the loan application. You don’t must prove what your income is in case you are approved for any stated loan. Lenders did not require traditional pay stubs, W-2 forms, income returns or another records that normal loans require. The borrower has the capacity to state his or her income and is taken at their word. Some individuals refer to these loans as liar loans because many people are deceptive when obtaining the borrowed funds.

If you are looking at obtaining a stated income loan you should have a good credit history. Borrowers will never approve people for these particular loans once they don’t have a great rating. A bad credit score borrowers have zero potential for receiving a stated loan as a result of risk involved. Most lenders will charge higher rates for the loan to replace with the higher risk dexdpky97 they take.

Anyone who is interested in acquiring stated income loans should have a good record rating. Because of the high default rate among stated applications, lenders stopped offering these 房貸. To acquire find a stated mortgage you will have to browse around to obtain the right lender. A thorough look at the different lenders online will help you to find some lenders who are prepared to offer you a stated loan.

Mont Blanc Glasses Cheap – Just Where Is It Possible Procure All These Amazing Quality Cheap Womens Glasses.

Eyeglasses have grown to be colorful contact lenses have followed suit too. Colored disposable lenses are very popular today and the majority of brands are generating new and attractive colored contacts for his or her consumers. Today, it’s easy to then add colorful lens making a switch to how you look within minutes. But to select the right lens for yourself, you must know how and things to be aware of. Here’s our guide to picking out the correct Colored contacts.

Colored disposable lenses include and without power. When you wear spectacles for vision correction, looking for contacts with power is definitely the ideal choice. Here’s the pointers you need to take into account while getting a Colored contact lens:

The challenge is related to your vision so never carry it lightly. Always choose eyewear and lenses from your reputed brand only. Understand that inferior lenses can permanently damage the eyes or cause disturbances in vision. Choose brands which are 61dexdpky reliable like Bausch & Lomb, Alcon etc. Never purchase poor or Quality cheap sunglass mens, they can be harmful to your eyes.

Just as much as you like wearing those funky colored or cosmetic ones, it’s best to avoid them. If cosmetic lenses appeal to you restrict using them on special events only. Wear these lenses when a while and not wear cosmetic ones continuously for an extended period of your energy. These lenses may damage the eyes in the long run and so are mostly made using poor quality materials.

A really common phrase in English but it’s a lot more correct with reference to tending to soft contacts. Since these mont blanc eyeglasses are worn across the eyes it’s crucial to keep them clean and 61dexdpkyt free. Pre and post wearing any colored or normal clear ones it must be cleaned with proper lens cleaning solution. If it’s a regular wear, it should be disposed off following the morning. No dust or dirt particles should adhere to the lens as well as the lens container should be changed every a few months for the best eye health.

After you are amply trained with how you ought to choose and care for your Colored contacts shop your contacts from a reputed sell.

ΣΧΕΔΙΑΣΜΟΣ ΙΣΤΟΣΕΛΙΔΩΝ – Finding a Consistent SEO Service Company.

Not any longer! I am going to show the best Greek marketing secrets the best of this is basically that you don’t have to travel up to Greece to find out these secrets.

Let’s check out just 10 of the best kept secrets to Greek Online Marketing:


The first thing to do, even before you think about web site design, is to execute proper researching the market as to what you plan to supply inside your website – are you offering a product or perhaps a service? Are you presently just offering some information? Who is your target customer? Is your products or services targeted at some specific group? Where do they really hang around? (Facebook, Forums, Blogs…?) This information is very important for your proper design of your website. An incredibly useful tool for keyword research is “External Google Keyword Tool”. Go there (Google it), select Greece-Greek from the preferences, then using proper keywords you will discover what Greeks are searching for!

2. SEO

Have you ever heard in the term “SEO”? Well, it stands for “Search Engine Optimisation” – which just means that whatever information you might have within your website, it must be friendly for your The major search engines, Yahoo and Bing to find it and “crawl” through it. The site layout, and also the HTML code play an important role. Furthermore you will need a lots of good links using their company related Greek sites. You can look for “Greek directory”, “Greek article directory”, “Greek websites directory”, “Greek blog” then keywords to find places it is possible to put links to the site.


First thing that you want your website to perform is usually to catch the visitors attention in under 10”. A will be the first area of the ΣΧΕΔΙΑΣΜΟΣ ΙΣΤΟΣΕΛΙΔΩΝ principle called AIDA (Attention, Interest, Desire, Action). Greek Online Marketing not only designs your websites but does so in a way that will make it interesting to the customer or visitor. Customers always ask the question “What’s inside for me personally?” after they visit a website. Your homepage should be interesting enough to hook their attention and extremely make sure they are want to learn more about your services and products.

4. Traffic & Statistics

What’s the point in possessing a website, if nobody visits it? More importantly, you have to have enough information regarding the traffic to your website to be able to analyze the data and understand the sort of visitors you will get. Based upon such analysis, you can include or remove certain information from the site or make changes wherever necessary to enable you to draw more customers in your site to make more sales!

5. Frequent Updates

A fascinating website has to show probably the most current content and supply useful information on the visitors. If your website is not updated regularly individuals will eventually lose interest inside and stop visiting. In the event you don’t possess the time or resources to do it, let it sit up to the more experienced professionals. Furthermore when you don’t update your site regularly it can lose its Google rankings!

6. ROI – Return

Evrything you do to enhance or advertise your site has a cost. It might be time, it may well energy or it can be money… It’s not important simply how much you spend but how much you get as a result cost. This is known as roi.

7. Combine Methods

In order to promote your website and get in touch with as numerous customers as is possible, you must explore all avenues to achieve that. E-mail marketing is another wise decision to accomplish this as emails are sent out to potential prospects with information of what your site offers, and the best part is the fact that expense is almost zero! The same thing goes with some other method like Social media and Viral marketing.

8. Social Media Marketing Optimization

Don’t have a low profile. Go out there! Market your site and connect with other individuals and businesses. Social websites are a sensible way to increase visibility and drive traffic towards your dexepky15 website. Important websites that fall within this category are Facebook, Twitter, MySpace etc. There are tons of Greek sites like Zoo and Greek social bookmarking sites like Diggare, reality-tape, Digme, Bobit and much more… An excellent spot for B2B opportunities is LinkedIn.

9. Web Directories and Niche Directories

One of the most important activities to do would be to submit your internet site to web directories. They are repositories of real information plus it makes it easier for the site to get indexed and ultimately located on the internet by the various search engines. Good Directories are as an example Pathfinder

In case your business features a niche character (like doctor, lawyer…) you can also get niche directories and forums to participate, submit your site and perhaps also place some banners.

10. Article Submission Sites

It’s also worth writing useful articles to advertise SEO then submit these to Article directory sites. It’s simple to find Greek Article Directories when you use google and check for “submit article”, “article directory” or even the same search-phrases in Greek.

房屋二胎 – Participate In The Local Chat Message Board On The Subject Of 房屋二胎.

Vacationing in own home is actually a desire everyone. People see hopes for owning home at their own personal choice, but everybody doesn’t capable of afford that. Nowadays in america like India, funds are not just a barrier of the desire owning a home. Because all of the government and so on-government banks in India offer Home loan. These loans are specially given to those individuals who wishes to build-up their particular home or purchase a home.

Redecorating Loans: People can avail these loans when they have the requirement of implementing repair works and renovations of the existing home.

Bridge Loans: This loan is the ideal loan for anyone people who wants to sell his existing home and wish to get a brand new home. Banks help people through giving 二胎 to finance the latest home.

Balance Transfer Loans: This kind of loan is provided to get rid of a pre-existing mortgage loan and avail a choice of that loan with a lower interest rates..

Home Conversion Loan: Banks provide this sort of loan to those people who has purchased home if you take home loan then wants to start working on another home and then for which he requires additional money. Under this class of loan the existing loan will be transferred to the brand new home along with the extra amount is usually to be included.

Land Purchase Loans: One could avail these loans for purchasing land. Your budget will offer the money without checking if the borrower using the loan for construction his home or working with it for several other purposes.

Refinance Loans: People who have taken loans off their friends or in accordance with purchase their houses, this kind of loan helps them a great deal to repay that debt add up to them.

Stamp Duty Loans: To buy a house, stamp duty is crucial. This sort of loan helps people to purchase the stamp duty.

In India, banks provide home loans against fixed and floating interest rate. Underneath the fixed rate home loans the interest rate remains fixed for the entire time period of the loan. Through taking loan under this category the borrower will receive the facility of getting a fixed monthly interest. But in this case they need to pay a higher interest rate. However, under the floating rate loans the interest rate fluctuates accordingly. The borrower is certain to get the facility dexdpky91 getting a low interest rate. Although the interest rate can rise any moment as well as the borrower must pay a lot higher rate of interest compared to the fixed rate of the loans. The repayment of home loans have to be given through Equated Monthly Instalment (EMI). The house loan EMI is determined by the amount as well as the repayment period one takes.

In this chronilogical age of technology, one could apply for the home loan Online. By using online one gets relief from the a lot of hassle like visiting for the lenders, searching for the 房屋二胎, perform huge formalities and fulfil the long paper works. By availing these loans online one just has got to sit on a Internet enabled computer, produce a search for the very best home loan deal and after choosing one just must fill a form, that’s it. By doing some simple procedures you dreams will come true.